Only 23, 22 and 21 of the 24 wallows were used for collection of ANPP data during the 1996, 1997 and 1998 growing seasons, respectively, because of damage to exclosures and associated grazing activities.
Again, only 23, 22 and 21 of the 24 wallows were used for species composition data during the 1996, 1997 and 1998 growing seasons, respectively.
Similarly, we calculated richness (total number) and diversity of life forms at each location for all wallows during all three growing seasons.
In addition, we calculated one set of similarity indices among locations by pooling the data from all wallows and all years.
Let's look at the wallows," my throat restricting and my voice coming out funny.
At the wallows are three fresh depressions filled with disturbed, muddy water.
John and I have reached the wallows again and for the first time we sit in the blind together, not actually cramped, but close.
Before you shut the cabin down when you leave," John is saying now, bouncing up into the pass above the wallows again, "you gotta walk up to the cistern and shut the valve off on the in-take.
5 m above the soil surface, temperature at the soil surface and soil temperature at depths of 1, 3 and 5 cm in wallows and in adjacent undisturbed prairie.
Soil temperature within wallows (mean of all depths was 36.
However, wallowing activity decreased during the hottest month (August) of the year and did not occur in wallows with standing water.
Wallowing behavior and wallows used by great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros at Garumara and Jaldapara wildlife sanctuaries, West Bengal, India.
Observations included recording the substrate animals used for wallowing, which was either previously undisturbed ground, previously noted soil depressions, or disturbed ground such as small mammal diggings, ant mounds or new wallows.
Active wallows formed by bison during 1993-1995 not already located from wallowing observations were found during a second survey of the belt transects in October 1995.
We randomly chose 20 soil depressions and 20 active wallows for initial soil comparisons.