vicious

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Related to viciousness: extensively, perpetually

be in a vicious circle

To be in a negative situation that is constantly maintained or worsened, rather than resolved. Underdeveloped countries are often in a vicious circle of poverty that their citizens can never overcome.
See also: circle, vicious

get into a vicious circle

To become involved in a negative situation that causes itself to worsen over time, rather than improve or resolve. I use my credit card because I don't make enough money to pay my bills, and as soon as I get paid, any extra money goes toward my credit card bill. I've gotten into a vicious circle—and I'm constantly broke!
See also: circle, get, vicious

in a vicious circle

In a negative situation that is constantly maintained or worsened, rather than resolved. Underdeveloped countries are often stuck in a vicious circle of poverty that their citizens can never overcome. I use my credit card because I don't make enough money to pay my bills, and as soon as I get paid, any extra money goes toward my credit card bill. I'm in a vicious circle—and constantly broke!
See also: circle, vicious

vicious circle

A negative situation that is constantly maintained or worsened, rather than resolved. Underdeveloped countries are often stuck in a vicious circle of poverty that their citizens can never overcome. I use my credit card because I don't make enough money to pay my bills, and as soon as I get paid, any extra money goes toward my credit card bill. That vicious circle is why I'm constantly broke!
See also: circle, vicious

*in a vicious circle

Fig. in a situation in which the solution of one problem leads to a second problem, and the solution of the second problem brings back the first problem, etc. (*Typically: be ~; get [into] ~.) Life is so strange. I seem to be in a vicious circle most of the time. I put lemon in my tea to make it sour, then sugar to make it sweet. I'm in a vicious circle. Don't let your life get into a vicious circle.
See also: circle, vicious

vicious circle

A series of events in which each problem creates another and worsens the original one. For example, The fatter I get, the unhappier I am, so I eat to cheer myself up, which makes me fatter yet-it's a vicious circle . This expression comes from the French cercle vicieux, which in philosophy means "a circular proof"-that is, the proof of one statement depends on a second statement, whose proof in turn depends on the first. One writer suggests that the English meaning of "vicious" helped the expression acquire its more pejorative present sense, used since 1839.
See also: circle, vicious

a vicious circle

COMMON If you describe a difficult situation as a vicious circle, you mean that one problem has caused other problems which, in turn, have made the original problem even worse. The economy couldn't create jobs because consumers weren't spending. Consumers weren't spending because the economy wasn't creating jobs. And this was the vicious circle we were caught in. According to the report, patients discharged from hospitals are being thrust into a vicious circle of poverty and illnesses. Note: This refers to the error in logic of trying to prove the truth of one statement by a second statement, which in turn relies on the first for proof. The expression is a translation of the Latin `circulus vitiosus', meaning `a flawed circular argument'.
See also: circle, vicious

a vicious ˈcircle

a difficult situation or problem where one thing makes another thing happen, which then makes the first thing happen again: He spends too much on drink because he’s worried about his financial problems, and so the situation gets worse and worse. It’s a vicious circle.
See also: circle, vicious

vicious

(ˈvɪʃəs)
mod. great; excellent. Man, this burger is really vicious.

vicious circle

A series of events in which the solution of one difficulty creates another or worsens the original problem. This expression comes from the philosophical discipline of logic, where it means proving one statement by another that itself rests on the first for proof; it is also known as “circular reasoning.” George du Maurier used it in Peter Ibbetson (1892): “The wretcheder one is, the more one smokes; and the more one smokes, the wretcheder one gets—a vicious circle.”
See also: circle, vicious
References in periodicals archive ?
'We are fighting against the viciousness the President has unleashed against the poor, the women, the religious, the lumads, the workers, whom he has directly or indirectly branded as his enemies,' she said.
"Every day they (American officials) play a new trick or expose a new side of their viciousness," Khamenei said at a graduation ceremony at a police academy, Mehr News reported.
The vendetta against me exposes their viciousness," he tweeted.
"There's a level of viciousness I wasn't expecting" - Ivanka Trump (pictured) on being First Daughter in the White House.
These attacks underscore the "barbarity and viciousness" of individuals and organizations that espouse terrorism and extremism, quoted the Arab League's Secretary General Ahmad Abul-Gheit as saying in a statement.
No child should be witness to any violence let along the violence visited on their father with such viciousness and casual treachery.
There are myriad of corruption cases that signifies its viciousness in this particular subject; The Pakistan Steel Mills Rs.26 billion scam, National Insurance Company limited scandal, corruption in PIA with the amount of $500 million, Hajj corruption case,rental power projects and many more.
President Aquino marked the celebration of Eid'l Adha with a promise to thwart groups out to sow "mistrust, viciousness and malice" to derail the country's march to peace and progress.
If ill-treatment was a cause of viciousness no-one would adopt from a rescue centre.
"Should in fact this video be authentic, it's just one more indication of the viciousness (and) barbarity of this organization," US president Barack Obama said, adding it would "redouble the vigilance and determination on the part of the global coalition to make sure" the IS group is "ultimately defeated.
He said it would be another sign of the "viciousness and barbarity" of the militants.
Meanwhile, Ben is embarrassed about being nearly caught trying to kiss Johnny (above), and turns on the student - only for Lee to wade in and defend his brother with a viciousness that shocks everyone.
SIR - I am most amused to see Labour councillors who voted for cuts to public services now crying crocodile tears over the fact that they chose to adhere to the dictates of the capitalist neo-liberalist austerity programme enacted with such callous viciousness by the Con/Dem government.