vain


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take (one's) name in vain

To speak about someone when they are not present, as in a critical manner. The phrase comes from one of the Ten Commandments, which prohibits taking God's name in vain. Hey, I heard that! Don't take my name in vain!
See also: name, take, vain

in vain

1. adjective Without success; futile. I tried to convince the other board members, but my efforts were in vain, and they outvoted me.
2. adverb Without success; futilely. I tried in vain to convince the other board members, and they outvoted me.
See also: vain

in vain

for no purpose; [done] as a failure. They rushed her to the hospital, but they did it in vain. We tried in vain to get her there on time.
See also: vain

*proud as a peacock

 and *vain as a peacock
overly proud; vain. (*Also: as ~.) Mike's been strutting around proud as a peacock since he won that award. I sometimes think Elizabeth must spend all day admiring herself in a mirror. She's as vain as a peacock.
See also: peacock, proud

in vain

To no avail, useless, as in All our work was in vain. [c. 1300] Also see take someone's name in vain.
See also: vain

proud as a peacock

Having a very high opinion of oneself, filled with or showing excessive self-esteem. For example, She strutted about in her new outfit, proud as a peacock. This simile alludes to the male peacock, with its colorful tail that can be expanded like a fan, which has long symbolized vanity and pride. Chaucer used it in The Reeve's Tail: "As any peacock he was proud and gay." [1200s]
See also: peacock, proud

take someone's name in vain

Speak casually or idly of someone, as in There he goes, taking my name in vain again. This idiom originated as a translation from the Latin of the Vulgate Bible (Exodus 20:7), "to take God's name in vain," and for a time was used only to denote blasphemy and profanity. In the early 1700s it began to be used more loosely as well.
See also: name, take, vain

take someone's name in vain

1. If someone takes God's name in vain, they say `God' in an expression that is disrespectful, often when they are swearing. He did his best with us, always gently correcting us when we took the Lord's name in vain.
2. If someone takes another person's name in vain they say their name in a way that is disrespectful. `Somebody taking my name in vain?' Nordhoff called over his shoulder. Note: This is from the second of the Ten Commandments in the Bible: `Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.' (Exodus 20:7)
See also: name, take, vain

take someone's name in vain

use someone's name in a way that shows a lack of respect.
The third of the biblical Ten Commandments is: ‘Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain’ (Exodus 20:7).
See also: name, take, vain

take somebody’s name in ˈvain

show a lack of respect when using somebody’s name: I get very upset when people take God’s name in vain. ♢ (humorous) Have you been taking my name in vain again?This expression comes from the Bible.
See also: name, take, vain

in ˈvain

without success: They tried in vain to persuade her to go.All our efforts were in vain.
See also: vain

in vain

1. To no avail; without success: Our labor was in vain.
2. In an irreverent or disrespectful manner: took the Lord's name in vain.
See also: vain

proud as a peacock

Having an exceedingly high opinion of oneself—one’s dignity or one’s importance. The comparison to a peacock, believed to allude to its strutting gait, dates from the thirteenth century. Chaucer used the simile several times, and it has often been repeated. “The self-applauding bird the peacock” is how William Cowper described it (Truth, 1781).
See also: peacock, proud

take one's name in vain, to

To mention a person casually and disrespectfully. This expression, today always used jocularly, comes from the biblical commandment against blasphemy: “Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain” (Exodus 20:7). It was already used more lightly in the eighteenth century, when Jonathan Swift included it in Polite Conversation (1738): “Who’s that takes my name in vain?”
See also: name, take
References in periodicals archive ?
If colposcopic biopsy reveals low grade dysplasia (VAIN I) it does not require intervention, and has a very low rate of conversion to invasive vaginal carcinoma.
Of these, a total of 100 women were qualified for the study on the basis of our selection criteria, which included the following: (1) a history of treatment for either CIN/ VAIN 2+ or invasive carcinoma; (2) a posttherapy ASC-US Pap result and HC2 HPV DNA result; and (3) availability of follow-up test results, including biopsy findings or Pap cytology results with or without HC2 HPV DNA retest.
If it is granted that soldiers can die in vain, then it is incumbent that the cause soldiers do die for ought to be good.
It may be part of a grand reckoning of middle age, but along with other changes I'm trying to make, I want to stop using the Lord's name in vain. My success has been limited so far, but it has made me more conscious of my word choice--frustratingly so--and more reflective about what provokes "undisciplined speech."
Collection: Artist Cornelia Parker with works from Richard of York Gave Battle in Vain, part of Revealed: Government Art Collection at Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery.
Chelsea's amazing late fightback was in vain as Aston Villa scored a stoppage-time equaliser to leave the champions' Premier League title defence in considerable doubt.
Devon, who used to play Nathalie's Hollyoaks brother Sonny Valentine, took a turn on the decks with Vain resident Robbie Blanco before joining the party into the early hours.
EXCLUSIVE SIMON Cowell will never give up being on telly because he's too VAIN, his co-judge Louis Walsh says.
It would imply that they had died in vain, so more must die in vain until that final inglorious exodus, with years of guilt and national recrimination to follow.
The Third Commandment is unequivocal when it says: "You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain." Anyone who blasphemes is either uneducated in the Ten Commandments or needs to buy a dictionary or thesaurus, to expand their vocabulary!
Summary: An Iranian reformist Website on Wednesday said defeated Iranian opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi vowed not to let the blood of protestors killed in post-election violence go in vain.
MEHMOOD RAQI (PAN): Nine people including women and children were killed when a truck collided head-on with a passenger vain in the central Kapisa province early Monday morning,witnesses and medics said.
YOU'RE So Vain You Probably Think This Show is About You is an exhibition of work by artists Sarah Rumis and Jennie Brennan at a new studio space in Sunderland.
He tried in vain to rescue his parked car as it vanished under the tide while he watched the team's training session yesterday ahead of today's Boat Race.
No In this retrospective analysis of 3,030 women who underwent hysterectomy for treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or higher, 7.4% of the women who were followed up developed vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) grade 2 or higher, including two cases of invasive vaginal cancer.