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Related to turn up: turn out
1. To increase some aspect of something, such as its volume or speed. In this usage, a noun or pronoun can be used between "turn" and "up." Can you turn up the volume on the TV? I can't hear anything the reporter is saying.
2. To fold or crease something upward. In this usage, a noun or pronoun can be used between "turn" and "up." I turned up the cuffs of my shirt before washing the dishes.
3. To appear unexpectedly or randomly. That missing file turned up on my desk while I was in a meeting, so I don't know who found it.
4. To occur randomly, unexpectedly, or without warning. Don't worry, problems like this sometimes turn up with new heaters.
5. To arrive at or attend something. I don't expect a lot of people to turn up at this event because it's on a Tuesday night.
6. To reposition something so that the side or part that was previously on the bottom is now on top. In this usage, a noun or pronoun can be used between "turn" and "up." Turn up your cards so we can see which ones you had. I turned the page up so we could read what was written on the back.
7. slang To act in an uninhibited, wild manner, often due to intoxication. We're gonna turn up at this party tonight!
turn someone or something up
1. Lit. to increase the volume of a device emitting the sound of someone or something. I can't hear the lecturer. Turn her up. Turn up the radio, please.
2. Fig. to discover or locate someone or something. See if you can turn up any evidence for his presence on the night of January 16. Have you been able to turn up a date for Friday night?
turn something up
1. to bend or fold something up. (See also turn up.) Please turn your cuffs up. They are getting muddy. He turned up his coat collar to keep the rain off his neck.
2. to turn playing cards face up. Please turn all the cards up. Sally turned up the cards one at a time.
1. [for part of something] to point upward. The ends of the elf's funny little shoes turned up.
2. Fig. to happen. Something always turns up to prevent their meeting. I am sorry I was late. Something turned up at the last minute.
3. Fig. to appear; to arrive and attend. We'll send out invitations and see who turns up. Guess who turned up at my door last night?
(somewhere) Fig. [for someone or something] to appear in a place. Her name is always turning up in the gossip columns. He turned up an hour late.
1. Increase the volume, speed, intensity, or flow of, as in Turn up the air conditioning; it's too hot in here. [Late 1800s]
2. Find or be found, as in She turned up the missing papers, or Your coat turned up in the closet.
3. Appear, arrive, as in His name turns up in the newspaper now and then, or Some old friends turned up unexpectedly. [c. 1700] This usage gave rise to turn up like a bad penny, meaning that something unwanted constantly reappears, as in Ken turns up like a bad penny whenever there's free liquor. Bad here alludes to a counterfeit coin.
4. Fold or be capable of being folded, as in I'll just turn up the hem, or He preferred cuffs that turn up. [c. 1600]
5. Happen unexpectedly, as in Something turned up so I couldn't go to the play. Also see the following idioms beginning with turn up.
turn it upstop doing or saying something annoying. informal
1. To rotate something so as to expose the underside: We turned up the soil in the garden to prepare it for planting. I turned the log up and found hundreds of bugs underneath.
2. To bring something that is underneath to the surface: The plow had turned up a number of rocks, and we collected them for use in the wall. The children turned the shells up while they were digging in the sand.
3. To come to the surface: A large rock turned up during the excavation.
4. To increase the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of something by or as if by turning a dial: I think we should turn up the temperature in the oven. Turn the radio up so we can hear it outside.
5. To be found, especially without searching: Don't worry about losing your keys—I'm sure they'll turn up somewhere.
6. To make an appearance; arrive: Many old friends turned up at the reunion.
7. To fold something upward or so that the inside is exposed: I turned the cuffs of my pants up and walked through the puddle. We turned up our collars and headed out into the rain.
8. To happen unexpectedly: Something turned up at the office, and we had to stay later than usual.
9. To be evident or easily encountered: That sculptor's name turns up in the art community.