burn out

(redirected from the burnout)

burn out

1. verb To cease burning (as of something that is currently or was recently ablaze). Get the birthday girl in here before the candles on her cake burn out! At this point, the firefighters are just going to let the fire burn out.
2. verb To stop working properly, often through overheating. In this usage, a reflexive pronoun can be used between "burn" and "out." Unfortunately, I think the motor in your lawn mower has burned out. We have to repair the engine before it burns itself out.
3. verb To hollow out by fire, as of a building. The fire completely ravaged and burned out our beloved home.
4. verb To force someone to leave a place by setting it on fire. During their attack, the troops burned out everyone in the town.
5. verb To overwork or exhaust someone or oneself, especially to the point of no longer being able to maintain a particular level of performance or dedication.. In this usage, a reflexive pronoun is often used between "burn" and "out." If you keep staying up so late working on this report, you're going to burn yourself out. Don't burn out your interns by making them come in every day.
6. noun One who is apathetic and unmotivated, especially an employee. When used as a noun, the phrase is usually written as one word. We need to hire some hard workers and get rid of these burnouts who collect a paycheck for doing nothing.
7. noun, slang A regular drug user or addict who displays the adverse effects of drug use, especially cognitive impairment. When used as a noun, the phrase is usually written as one word. You can't dismiss these students just because they're burnouts—they clearly need help and guidance.
See also: burn, out

burned out

1. Overworked or exhausted, especially to the point of no longer being able to maintain a particular level of performance or dedication. If you keep working nights and weekends, you're going to get burned out. She's probably burned out after studying all week.
2. slang Physically damaged by drug use. Typically used to describe an IV drug user's veins. I used to be an addict, honey, so my veins are all burned out these days.
3. slang Negatively impacted by drug use or addiction. You can't just dismiss these burned out students when they clearly need help and guidance.
4. slang Tolerant of a certain drug and thus unable to feel its effects anymore. I'm burned out on that stuff, man—it just does nothing for me anymore.
See also: burn, out

burn (itself) out

1. [for a flame or fire] to run out of fuel and go out. Finally, the fires burned themselves out. The fire finally burned out.
2. [for an electrical or mechanical part] to fail and cease working. The motor finally burned itself out. The light bulb burned out.
See also: burn, out

burn (oneself) out

Fig. to do something so long and so intensely that one gets sick and tired of doing it. I burned myself out as a competitive swimmer. I just cannot stand to practice anymore. Tom burned himself out in that boring job.
See also: burn, out

burn someone out

Fig. to wear someone out; to make someone ineffective through overuse. (See also use someone up.) Facing all these problems at once will burn Tom out. The continuous problems burned out the office staff in a few months.
See also: burn, out

burn something out

1. to burn away the inside of something, getting rid of excess deposits. The mechanic burned the carbon out of the manifold. He burned out all of the carbon deposits.
2. to wear out an electrical or electronic device through overuse. Turn it off. You're going to burn the motor out! He burned out the motor.
See also: burn, out

burn out

1. Stop functioning because something, such as fuel, has been used up. For example, There's nothing wrong with the lamp; the light bulb just burned out. [Late 1300s]
2. be burned out. Lose one's home, place of work, or school as the result of a fire. For example, Hundreds of tenants are burned out every year because of negligent landlords.
3. Also, burn oneself out. Make or become exhausted or disaffected, especially with one's work or schooling. For example, Many young lawyers burn themselves out after a few years of 70-hour weeks. This metaphoric term alludes to a fire going out for lack of new fuel. Robert Southey used it in an 1816 essay: "The spirit of Jacobinism was burnt out in France." [1970s]
See also: burn, out

burn out

1. To stop burning from lack of fuel: The candle burned out in a wisp of smoke. The bonfire burned out, and we threw sand on the embers.
2. To become inoperative as a result of excess heat or friction: This vacuum cleaner needs to be fixed—I think the motor burned out.
3. To destroy some structure completely by fire, so that only the frame is left. Used chiefly in the passive: City hall was burned out in the attack.
4. To be compelled or forced to leave some place due to fire. Used chiefly in the passive: The shopkeeper was burned out by arsonists.
5. To become exhausted, especially as a result of stress or excessive work: I'm so burned out with work—I could really use a vacation.
6. To make someone exhausted as a result of stress or excessive work: Your busy schedule will burn you out if you don't take a break soon. I burned myself out by studying too late into the night.
See also: burn, out

burned out

and burnt out
1. mod. tired; bored. I’m burned out after all that partying.
2. mod. having to do with the ruined veins of an addict. (Drugs.) My veins are burnt out so I shoot in the jug.
3. mod. ruined by marijuana smoking. (see also burnout.) What’s left for these burned out kids?
4. mod. no longer affected by a particular drug. (Drugs.) It’s no good. I’m just burned out. The stuff doesn’t affect me at all.
See also: burn, out


1. n. a person who is ruined by drugs. Two burnouts sat on the school steps and stared at their feet.
2. n. someone no longer effective on the job. We try to find some other employment for the burnouts.

burn itself out

To stop burning from lack of fuel: The brush fire finally burned itself out.
See also: burn, itself, out
References in periodicals archive ?
Most of the respondents were female, white, and married or in a long-term relationship without children, but the burnout rates did not vary across gender, race/ethnicity, relationship or parental status, or among different characteristics of the residency program and schedule.
Due to the possible consequences for coaches and athletes, the burnout phenomenon, and specifically the relationship between burnout and the coach-athlete relationship, deserves further study in the sport realm.
Thus, four separate mediational analyses were conducted, one for stress and one for each of the burnout subscales (i.
05, such that the burnout levels of participants reporting low-perfectionism (M = 1.
However, the burnout among military nurses in this study was much lower than those reported internationally.
As it is stated previously most of the researches related to burnout in project based job are conducted in construction industry projects, whereas, this study explores the burnout impact on project success of Informational Technology based projects.
The crux of the issue for us here was to have a sample comprising teachers who were low, intermediate, and high on the burnout and depression scales that we employed.
Psychologists Herbert Freudenberger and Gail North have theorized that the burnout process can be divided into 12 phases (table 4, page 22).
There are probably many more questions to include in his list, but I'll just add 1--the one that I think is the biggest problem in our field: Why is the burnout rate of physicians steadily climbing, to the extent that it exceeds the epidemic rate of 50%?
Burnout was measured with a Chinese version of the Burnout Inventory for Educators (Wang, Zhang, Gan, & Zhang, 2005).
No statistically significant difference was found between the burnout scores of nurses with and without VESs (p>0.
Job demand-resource model proposed that job demand is connected to exhaustion factor of the burnout, while lack or unavailability of job resources is associated with depersonalization factor of job burnout.
The second section is questionnaire from Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) which is designed to assess the three component of the burnout syndrome: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment.
For our research, we were concerned with a test of the relationship between the burnout and depression variables (see Figure 2).
The purpose of this study is to assess the burnout rates and potential determinants of burnout in a sample of practicing pediatricians.