In support of this view, the European Foundation study of companies found fathers were more likely to take leave in companies when fathers outnumbered mothers (Anxo et al.
We measured the extent of formal policies and programs by asking personnel officers if their companies had any of the following six supports in place: a formal decision to support fathers taking leave, recordkeeping on fathers taking leave, formal programs to encourage blue-collar and white-collar fathers to take leave (asking about each separately), a group or person designated to encourage fathers to take leave, and whether any man in top management had taken parental leave.
This is an area that has received a great deal of attention in recent years, and one avenue that is currently being pursued is allowing parents to use unemployment benefits when they take leave to care for a newborn or a newly adopted child.
Legislation that would amend the FMLA tO extend coverage to employees in businesses with 25 to 50 employees (as well as to fund the replacement of wages for some employees who take leave after the birth of a child) has been proposed in Congress, but the prospects for congressional action are uncertain.
Self-Care--Employees unable to perform the essential functions of their job and who take leave
under paragraph 3c, above, |select one: must use accrued, may elect to use accrued~ vacation, personal, and sick leave prior to taking unpaid leave.
Nearly all surveyed companies (94 percent), however, allow employees to take leaves
of absence for reasons beyond those legally mandated, including the fourth and fifth most common reasons for taking a leave -- for one's own (non-FMLA) health condition (7 percent) or for personal reasons (4 percent).