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cases, the primary harm lies in the substitutive effects upon the
There was no interim detention of the accused prior to a court hearing, and if convicted, they did not go to jail but received other substitutive punishments.
For example, responding with respect to classes of stimuli as observed in equivalence studies entails responding in a substitutive manner with respect to all members of the same class of stimuli (e.
When the concern with status becomes predominant in the enjoyment of things, we're no longer looking at the Nick Adams materialist but at the substitutive sort (more on them in a bit).
Currently, studies on the relationship between trade and investment at home and abroad suggest that there're three kinds of relations: substitutive relation; complementary relation and uncertainty relation.
While one stream of research clearly outlines the benefits of combining relational governance with formal control (Cannon, Achrol & Gundlach, 2000; Poppo & Zenger, 2002), a second stream notes their substitutive or even antagonistic nature in that formal control may undermine social processes, hamper the formation of trust, or even breed a situation of mistrust that instead increases opportunism (Dyer & Singh, 1998; Gulati, 1995).
In their subsequent research, Love and Roper (2001) find that the internal and external R&D are substitutes in the UK and Ireland, but in Germany a clear substitutive or complementary relationship can not be determined when innovation output is measured by the new products sales rate.
To describe the self-care activities done by the patients who suffer chronic kidney disease (CKD) that are currently receiving different substitutive treatments, reported in scientific literature between 2006 and 2013.
First, the lack of operational capability in the G8 framework precludes it from playing substitutive or competing roles against operational peacekeepers in any meaningful manner.
The adsorption process in recent years provides an attractive substitutive treatment of contaminated waters, particularly if the adsorbent is low-cost and indigenously available.
We wanted to determine whether such substitutive properties, which are helpful in other replacement therapies such as using nicotine gum instead of smoking cigarettes or methadone instead of heroin, would play a role in enhancing brain connectivity between regions of potential importance for intervention in cocaine addiction.
Ordinarily, this all happens rather transparently in society, but occasionally the system breaks down or is dramatically threatened somehow, bringing about a "sacrificial crisis" that causes "the substitutive logic at the heart of the scapegoat mechanism [to become] a little more visible than usual" (5).
contexts, the right to counsel has a substitutive effect insofar as
23) Some scholars look to the absence of females due to the segregation of the genders as a possible cause for the frequency of these acts, because "an extreme separation between [the] sexes and deprivation of the feminine element leads to substitutive homosexual intercourse.