High exposure to users was also associated with lower levels of stigmatization towards users of that particular drug; therefore, the stigmatization of illegal drug users may be driven, in part, by lack of exposure to users, such that individuals who stigmatize are the ones who have not been exposed to users.
Thus, it may be that once an individual uses marijuana, he or she has entered the realm of illegal drug behavior, and may begin to stigmatize other illegal drugs at lower levels.
2011), but since marijuana is categorized or scheduled with more dangerous and addicting drugs, individuals appear to stigmatize other drugs less upon acquiring this drug user status.
A typical example is an editorial published in the Xinmin Evening News (Yan, 2002): "For 'you' who think drug use and promiscuity is an individual choice, the only solution is a strict regulation to let 'you' be concerned too much to keep away from 'that disease.' The society should care for AIDS patients and never stigmatize them in particular.
Further, these findings indicate that the media may covertly stigmatize the disease even while overtly promoting anti-stigma.
The findings from this study indicate that even though this may have resulted in increased frequency of coverage (Bu & Liu, 2004; Li & Zhou, 2005) it is likely this coverage continues to stigmatize the disease.
This made it easy to hold them personally responsible for their conduct and to stigmatize them as willful perverts.
He could forgive both himself and his sons because, as Hamer and Peter Copeland report in their 1994 work The Science of Desire: The Search for the Gay Gene and the Biology of Behavior, "This was something out of his control; it was nature, not his nurture." As with disabled persons, if homosexuals can no longer be held personally responsible for their condition, it becomes more difficult to stigmatize them with the same vengeance as before.
Yet it did not stigmatize
other forms of aggression--economic, social, political--that were traditionally associated with men.
The court held that disclosure of lists of federal inmates lists would be an unreasonable invasion of privacy because some federal inmates were "merely witnesses or detainees who had not be charged with crimes and releasing their names would stigmatize
them and cause irreparable damage to their reputations." The court noted that disclosure of information could also reasonably be expected to endanger the life or physical safety of inmates considering inmates' gang ties, interest in escape, and motives for violence against informants and rivals.
The tool that was used to stigmatize
and destroy them was homophobia.
These discussions warn us to carefully consider the vast implications of this new information and caution that it not be used, as similar information has been in the past, to stigmatize
and discriminate against individuals and groups.
Gunn, a clinical psychologist, and Potter, a psychotherapist, argue that borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a misnomer that stigmatizes
people who are suffering distressing emotions and states of mind.
"We're hoping to raise people's awareness that our culture still stigmatizes
people with HIV and AIDS," says series co-executive producer Rick Berman, who also cowrote the "Stigma" episode.
First, the historical record seems pretty clear that genuine cultural separatism occurs only when society stigmatizes
a particular minority.