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stand (one) to (something)
To treat one to or provide the money necessary for something. The company is standing me to a business degree, with the expectation that I take on more responsibilities after it is completed. I felt bad for the guy, so I offered to stand him to a drink.
stand to (attention)
1. To be or become ready for an attack. We were all told to stand to after receiving word that the enemy was preparing to launch an offensive just before dawn.
2. To quickly assume military attention. You become trained to stand to attention when a superior officer enters the room. I quickly stood to, but the general told me to be at ease.
stand to (do something)
1. To have a high likelihood of doing something or having something happen, especially to gain or lose something. We stand to lose over half a million dollars as a result of the stock market crash. The party stands to gain a majority in both houses of Congress for the first time in 12 years.
2. To benefit from or be able to tolerate doing something or having something happen. (Always used after "can" or "could.") I could stand to lose a few pounds, so I think I'm going to start biking to work. I think he could stand to have his ego brought down a few notches, to be honest.
Farlex Dictionary of Idioms. © 2015 Farlex, Inc, all rights reserved.
To take up positions for military action: Upon hearing gunfire, the soldiers stood to.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.