Victims who blame themselves for being stalked
report a significantly higher severity of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress symptoms.
163) General intent standards provide protection to victims including those who are stalked
by offenders who may be delusional and believe their overtures will be welcomed, often despite evidence proving otherwise.
In compiling this data, the researchers distinguished between women who had been only stalked
and those who had been both stalked
and sexually assaulted.
In such intimacy-based stalking, women represent approximately 75% of those who are stalked
with men representing approximately 84% of those who engage in stalking behaviors (Purcell, Pathe, & Mullen, 2002).
The majority of women (40 percent; n = 16) stalked
professionals with whom they had previously been in contact (including mental health workers, teachers and lawyers).
A 10-city, nationally representative study of female homicide victims conducted in 1999 indicated that 76% of female victims of intimate partner homicides were stalked
by their partners before they were killed (4).
Of women who had been stalked
, 42% were pursued by a stranger, 34% by an acquaintance, 33% by a partner and 5% by another family member.
1 million bail, based on evidence that he stalked
neighbors, his ex-wife and her family, her lawyers, the company that evicted him and its lawyers.
crinoid spends most of its time sitting and catching food with the flowerlike wheel of feathery arms that have earned it and its relatives the nickname sea lilies.
Celebrity victims like singer Madonna and film director Steven Spielberg are just the tip of the iceberg, say experts, with some 900,000 adults in Britain stalked
Despite high profile cases where obsessed fans have stalked
stars such as Britney Spears and Gwyneth Paltrow, people in their 40s, especially professionals, are often the targets, said the study.
Using census data, researchers estimate that approximately 10 million Americans have been stalked
at least once during their lives (Rowley, 1997).
Indeed, it was the explosion of media stories following an actual incident of stalking--an obsessed fan stalked
and killed actress Rebecca Schaeffer--that was the primary catalyst for the first anti-stalking law in the United States.
In nearly nine out of 10 cases, or 89%, stalkers and the stalked
knew each other.
In 1997, I stalked
and shot a woodland caribou--a classic example of aggressiveness paying big dividends.