A spoofing attack
occurs when a person with no authority tries to masquerade an authorized person by falsifying the data captured by acquisition sensors .
Last week, in a similar case, a federal appeals court in New York ruled that a commercial crime insurance policy covered wire transfer losses resulting from an email spoofing attack
. The ruling ((https://www.insurancejournal.com/app/uploads/2018/07/Medidata-v-Federal-Insurance.pdf) Medidata Solutions Inc.
Next, by combining multiscale, local, phase quantization representation, the robustness of the spoofing attack
detector can be further improved.
Resistance of Various Attacks: We will show that the protocol can withstand insider attack, off-line password guessing attack, user impersonation attack, server spoofing attack
, modification attack, stolen card attack, and man-in-the-middle attack.
To prevent against the spoofing attack
, authentication provides users with the ability to verify the identity of transmitters.
The objective of the proposed authentication is to determine if a spoofing attack
is occurred in either the wireless part or the wired part.
Unfortunately, in 2013, Kumari and Khan  pointed out that Chen et al.'s scheme cannot withstand user impersonation attack, server spoofing attack
, and offline password guessing attack.
An ARP spoofing attack
is an attack in which the media access control (MAC) address of a computer is masqueraded as that of another.
"People could monitor data to determine its format and then mount a spoofing attack
," explained John Schwartz, technology strategist at Digi International.
If a service request lacks the security header--for example, a spoofing attack
with an authentic login but no accompanying header--it will be denied.
Unlike a spoofing attack
, both the user and the GPS receiver understand that satellite signals from space are not being received.
In a closely-watched case on insurance coverage in an age of expanding cyber risk, a federal appeals court in New York has upheld a lower court ruling that a commercial crime insurance policy covers wire transfer losses resulting from a spoofing attack
However, this is an assumption which is not validated or enforced at all; therefore, there is the opportunity to perpetrate an IP source address spoofing attack
(which consists in creating an IP packet with a false source IP address, hiding the identity of the real sender, or even impersonating another Internet entity).
Hsiang and Shih  found that Liao-Wang's protocol is vulnerable to insider's attack, masquerade attack, server spoofing attack
, registration center spoofing attack
Moreover, our proposal can avoid the server spoofing attack
since the verification process relies on the server's private key.