Pairing the children in this way yielded two groups of children whose main difference was whether their parents had spanked
them, effectively accounting for other factors that could plausibly influence the behaviour of both parent and child.
Table 2 Characteristics of Parents Who Hit/Spanked and Who Never Hit/ Spanked
Their Children Characteristics N M SD t P d Child development knowledge (ACT-PRSK) Never hit/spanked 38 19.87 2.91 -.87 .39 .20 Hit/spanked 37 20.43 2.66 Self-efficacy (GSE) Never hit/spanked 38 32.16 4.68 1.18 .24 .27 Hit/spanked 38 30.82 5.24 Parental depression (BSI-DEP) Never hit/spanked 38 52.05 10.48 -1.96 .05 .45 Hit/spanked 38 57.03 11.61 Social support (MSPSS) Never hit/spanked 38 59.39 20.77 -.44 .66 .10 Hit/spanked 38 61.24 15.28 Socioeconomic status (SES) Never hit/spanked 38 22.57 19.33 -.11 .91 .03 Hit/spanked 38 23.05 18.28 Note.
IQs of children ages 2 to 4 who were not spanked
were 5 points higher four years later than the IQs of those who were spanked
At age 5 years, 52% of the children were spanked
by their mothers and 33% by their fathers.
That figure may seem low, particularly since about half of the US population recalls being spanked
in childhood, but nevertheless shows that physical punishment can raise the risk of problems later on, experts said.
Rather, the more children are spanked
, the worse behaved they are over time.
On average, authoritative parents spanked
just as much as the average of all other parents.
The book - the basis for a new Channel 4 documentary - details Spank Daddy's modus operandi, which is to meet women face-to-face to assess their motives for wanting to be spanked
, as well as his experiences.
Don't feel that because you were spanked
or hit by your parents it is the only acceptable form of punishment for your child.
Most also emphasize that children under two and older than 10 should never be spanked
Did you know Serena spanked
a serve earlier this week at 201kph?
WAGNER: Did you ever see any women get spanked
with a security sign at any of these meetings?
Baham starts by talking about spanking or being spanked
as an example of what BDSM can entail.
In fact, she tells us in the book's introduction that two of the book's authors have spanked
her, although she does not divulge which ones.
PHIL has always loved the idea of being spanked
but his girlfriend Sue doesn't seem to take the hint.