These are the solitary wasp
subfamily Eumeninae (potter wasps), the largest subfamily in the Vespidae, which includes more than 3,500 described species (Pickett and Carpenter, 2010), and the three social wasp subfamilies, that is, Stenogastrinae, Polistinae, and Vespinae.
This solitary wasp
builds mud nests using detritus and even feces.
Key Words: Solitary wasps
, Sphecidae, Crabronidae, Tamaulipas.
We collected data on the life history and sex ratio of the mass-provisioning solitary wasp
Sex ratios and life-history patterns of solitary wasp
, Trypoxylon (Trypargilum) politum (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae).
So the next time you get harassed by those angry solitary wasps
remember that they are, in fact, jobless, homeless and about to die.
The wasps that sneaked in my photos were part of a large group called the solitary wasps
. They diverted my attention enough to inspire my August column.
Female bees provision their nests with a nectar-pollen mixture, whereas solitary wasps
may collect a variety of prey to provision their nests, including spiders (Araneae) or caterpillars (Lepidoptera) (Krombein, 1967).
However, this article is concerned not with solitary wasps
, but colonial wasps, particularly members of two genera: Polistes (paper wasps) and Dolichovespula (hornets).
The family Mutillidae comprises a diverse group of solitary wasps
, with over 4000 described species (Lelej, 2005).
"The next most important are solitary wasps
,'' he said.
Rightly or wrongly, we often view loners as more of a threat, so it may come as a surprise to learn that of the two types of wasps - solitary wasps
and sociable wasps - the latter are the ones causing all the aggro.
Their entry holes in bare ground are difficult to spot and closely resemble those made by ants and solitary wasps
O'Neill KM (2001) Solitary Wasps
: Behaviour and Natural History.