6) This article provides a brief description of the development of the Fourth Amendment jurisprudence regarding sniff tests by drug-detection dogs in Part I.
67) Moreover, as the Court established in Place, a sniff test by a drug-detection dog does not violate the Fourth Amendment and the Indianapolis sniff tests did not increase the duration of the traffic stops.
19) Although the trip to Kennedy Airport and the sniff test took only ninety minutes, "[b]ecause it was late on a Friday afternoon, the agents [ultimately held] the luggage until Monday morning, when they [obtained] a search warrant .
After establishing reasonable suspicion for the officers to search Place's luggage, the Court analyzed whether subjecting Place's luggage to the sniff test was a search.
Sniff tests are performed at the beginning, middle and ends of their pipeline system: Service technicians check for the presence of odorant at every service visit or log leak call, and develop models to sample a statistically significant fraction of their distribution system.
Service technicians are dispatched over long distances to sniff test the odorant level and log leak calls, while statistical models are created from the sniff data to understand the flow of odorant through the distribution network.
The industry invests heavily in training employees to detect odor, but error is unavoidable: the ability of a technician to perform the sniff test can be compromised by odorant fatigue (in long-time employees), improper operation of the sniffing device, sickness, and variations in smell perception due to foods eaten, hormones and stresses.
For their research, published in the journal Gut, a Labrador retriever completed 74 sniff tests
Every 3 months after her daily theophylline treatment began, she performed a battery of sniff tests
There were plenty of all these fuels in my own woodlot, so I built small fires of all three woods separately and subjected them to sniff tests
These inputs may only be a combination of information from something as simple as an Odorator or an Odorometer, in conjunction with output information form your odorizer, periodic sniff tests from customer service personnel, and customer odor complaints.
Whenever a problem with odor intensity levels is suspected, portable sniff tests and perhaps portable sulfur analyzer tests should be performed.
Sniff tests should also be performed on the downwind side of river crossings.
Therefore, Pratt and Engilis also conducted blind sniff tests
of nests abandoned by birds in the wild.