According to American cancer society 2012, pap smear test is a routine method for cancer screening that should be done every 3 years and a pap smear with
a HPV DNA test is recommended as a screening method every 5 years.
Comparison of clinicalpresentations, wet smear, Papanicolaou smear with
Dorset'sculture for diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis in doubtfulwomen to Trichomoniasis.
To compare Tzanck smear with
viral serology in terms of concurrence of results in patients with varicella.
Bhushan with his collegues compared the diagnostic accuracy of slit skin smear with
bacterial index of granuloma.
In this study 5 (1.11%) patients had a positive smear with
no patient diagnosed as CIN after colposcopic guided punch biopsy, these results were comparable to another study done by Zamani N at Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore in 1990, in which a very low incidence of CIN was found i.e.
A more direct visualization approach, via light microscopic examination of the unstained smear with
the condenser flipped, can also be used to verify the presence of tumor cells on the unstained smears.
Variation by time lag of examination of smears reported positive at field laboratories Time lags Total Smears Smear with
variation < 30 days 573 41 [greater than or equal to] 30 days 4554 591 Time lags % Variation P-value Result < 30 days 7.15 <0.01 Highly significant [greater than or equal to] 30 days 31.0
Comparison of Pap smear with
histopathology showed that out of total 48 patients with abnormal Pap smear, 28(58.3%) had abnormal histopathology, while of the 95 patients with normal smear, 51(53.6%) had normal histopathology.
Carcinoma cervix 2 .5 Total 388 100.0 Table 2: Association of types of lesions on Pap's smear with
age of Women Age 20-30 31-40 41-50 Sl.
Improving the yield of endocervical elements in a Pap smear with
the use of the cytology brush.
When only the 169 women with an initial Pap smear of ASCUS were considered, a repeat Pap smear with
a positive triage threshold of [is greater than or equal to]ASCUS (persistent ASCUS or more severe dysplasia) detected 30/33 (91%) cases of CIN 1 and 7/10 (70%) women with CIN 2/3.
The most common cause of a laboratory-generated false negative is a smear with
a few poorly preserved atypical cells that were either overlooked or misinterpreted.(28) It would be impossible to detect such a small number of difficult-to-interpret cells in the time usually allotted to screen a slide.(28) Such errors, although often unavoidable, may lead to litigation.
The optimal technique for obtaining a Papanicolaou smear with
To date, the best technique for obtaining a Papanicolaou smear with
this device has not been described.
The significance of a negative Papanicolaou smear with
hyperkeratosis or parakeratosis.