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pass sentence (on someone or something)

1. Literally, of a judge, to determine and read out a sentence following a criminal conviction. Before I pass sentence, I want to allow a victim-impact statement to be read aloud before the court. The judge passed a sentence of 35 years on the convicted murderer.
2. To make or render a judgment someone or something, especially hastily or preemptively. I know you usually don't like musicals, but don't pass sentence until you see this one for yourself. The president has been quick to pass sentence on those who speak out against her policies.
See also: pass, sentence, someone

sentence (one) to (something)

To impose a particular legal penalty upon one who is found guilty of a crime. The judge sentenced the former CEO to 30 years in prison for his role in defrauding millions of customers over the span of 15 years. They sentenced him to 5 years of hard labor for simply stealing a loaf of bread.
See also: sentence

pass sentence on someone

1. Lit. [for a judge] to read out the sentence of punishment for a convicted criminal. It is my job as judge to pass sentence on you. The judge was about to pass sentence on Max—ten years in prison.
2. Fig. [for someone] to render a judgment on another person in the manner of a judge. You have no right to pass judgment on me! I wish you wouldn't pass judgment on everyone around you.
See also: on, pass, sentence

sentence someone to something (for something)

[for a judge] to order someone to suffer confinement, death, or labor for committing a crime. The judge sentenced Roger to three years in prison for the crime. The judge sentenced him to hard labor.
See also: sentence
References in periodicals archive ?
The last statement of the essay sententially warns us against the facile nature of these accusations and the intractable "error" that de-legitimizes them: "It is much easier to accuse one sex than to excuse the other.
I also include the propositional mode of irrealis in the concept of negativity, expressed both discursically, sententially and lexically.
The principal interactions between the media are that information portrayed in the diagram can be introduced as sentences in the textual proof, sentences justified by 'observation', and information proved sententially can be entered into (or 'applied' to) the diagram, fleshing out the diagram with more information.
There is no doubt that Godel's Slingshot is philosophically significant for theories of facts, states of affairs, or anything else expressed sententially.
While sentences are structured sententially (hence, the term), diagrammatic representations can more directly convey information about relationships among ideas (except, perhaps, when those relationships are sequential).
However, the sort of structure embodied in the representations of a tensor product network is very different from the structur implicated in representations of a language of thought (Smolensky [1987, 1988]) The representations which constitute a language of thought would have to be logically or sententially structured.