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pass sentence (on someone or something)

1. Literally, of a judge, to determine and read out a sentence following a criminal conviction. Before I pass sentence, I want to allow a victim-impact statement to be read aloud before the court. The judge passed a sentence of 35 years on the convicted murderer.
2. To make or render a judgment someone or something, especially hastily or preemptively. I know you usually don't like musicals, but don't pass sentence until you see this one for yourself. The president has been quick to pass sentence on those who speak out against her policies.
See also: pass, sentence, someone

sentence (one) to (something)

To impose a particular legal penalty upon one who is found guilty of a crime. The judge sentenced the former CEO to 30 years in prison for his role in defrauding millions of customers over the span of 15 years. They sentenced him to 5 years of hard labor for simply stealing a loaf of bread.
See also: sentence

pass sentence on someone

1. Lit. [for a judge] to read out the sentence of punishment for a convicted criminal. It is my job as judge to pass sentence on you. The judge was about to pass sentence on Max—ten years in prison.
2. Fig. [for someone] to render a judgment on another person in the manner of a judge. You have no right to pass judgment on me! I wish you wouldn't pass judgment on everyone around you.
See also: on, pass, sentence

sentence someone to something (for something)

[for a judge] to order someone to suffer confinement, death, or labor for committing a crime. The judge sentenced Roger to three years in prison for the crime. The judge sentenced him to hard labor.
See also: sentence
References in periodicals archive ?
This meaning coming from the negative modal embeds the entire clause, which creates a sentential negation.
As usual in grammars, indexed grammars successively transform sentential forms, which are defined as follows.
As such, we might predict that animacy of the sentential subject would bias children toward a generic interpretation.
Due to ongoing operation "Zarb-e-Azb" in North Waziristan Agency (NWA) the process of migration of IDPs is in progress, whose registration process was temporarily stopped on Wednesday, However the registration resumed on Thursday and 5 new registration points have been established by Bannu Administration and Pakistan Disaster management authority in different areas including Sport Complex, Mashkeel Degree College, Ghouri Walla Post Graduate College, Commerce College, Sentential Model School, Bannu Sugar mill and Govt college Sikander Khel.
The first sentential occurrence of a proper name of a fictional character in a literary work functions as an indexical reference to the character whose existence is founded on that very sentence.
KHALED ABDALGADER and ANDREW SKABAR Unsupervised Similarity-Based Word Sense Disambiguation Using Context Vectors and Sentential Word Importance.
Moreover in the light of the data analysis trends were determined among male and female teachers for the patterns of inter- sentential switches.
Inbound, unladen tankers are not required to have escorts but instead are assigned a sentential tug during the transit through Prince William Sound.
For example, many contemporary linguistic theories assume that verbs affect the generation of sentential frames strongly.
According to constrained theories of what is said, such as that of Relevance Theory, the sentential structure of an utterance "gives us at least a skeleton on which what is said is hung" (31).
Sentential word order (WO) is one of the most studied topics in linguistic typology and generally in syntax.
Unlike Tarski, however, Sellars takes propositional truth to be prior to sentential truth and holds that the latter is derivative of the former.
Apparently binary quantifiers can be defined in terms of unary quantifiers plus sentential connectives.
Since then, a much more specific hypothesis has been proposed (de Villiers, 2005; de Villiers & de Villiers, 2000; de Villiers & Pyers, 2002), maintaining that the key factor when discussing false beliefs resides in the use by children of sentential complement syntax.
Appreciating the role of the private sector in health care services in the Kingdom, Khoshaim said the Ministry of Health introduced an electronic program called Sentential Events.