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pass sentence (on someone or something)

1. Literally, of a judge, to determine and read out a sentence following a criminal conviction. Before I pass sentence, I want to allow a victim-impact statement to be read aloud before the court. The judge passed a sentence of 35 years on the convicted murderer.
2. To make or render a judgment someone or something, especially hastily or preemptively. I know you usually don't like musicals, but don't pass sentence until you see this one for yourself. The president has been quick to pass sentence on those who speak out against her policies.
See also: pass, sentence, someone

sentence (one) to (something)

To impose a particular legal penalty upon one who is found guilty of a crime. The judge sentenced the former CEO to 30 years in prison for his role in defrauding millions of customers over the span of 15 years. They sentenced him to 5 years of hard labor for simply stealing a loaf of bread.
See also: sentence

pass sentence on someone

1. Lit. [for a judge] to read out the sentence of punishment for a convicted criminal. It is my job as judge to pass sentence on you. The judge was about to pass sentence on Max—ten years in prison.
2. Fig. [for someone] to render a judgment on another person in the manner of a judge. You have no right to pass judgment on me! I wish you wouldn't pass judgment on everyone around you.
See also: on, pass, sentence

sentence someone to something (for something)

[for a judge] to order someone to suffer confinement, death, or labor for committing a crime. The judge sentenced Roger to three years in prison for the crime. The judge sentenced him to hard labor.
See also: sentence
References in periodicals archive ?
She was sentenced to 24 months of probation, ordered to undergo drug treatment and fined $1,600.
Under section 11(3) of the Criminal Appeal Act of 1968, the Criminal Division may hear an appeal "if they consider that the Appellant should be sentenced differently for an offence for which he was dealt with by the court below.
37) To qualify for the statutory remedy of sentence modification, [section] 3582(c)(2) requires that a defendant be sentenced to a term that is "based on a sentencing range.
Aboriginal men represented one-fifth of all men sentenced to custody.
LAST NOVEMBER Weldon Angelos, a 24-year-old record company executive with no prior convictions, was sentenced to 55 years in federal prison for selling a pound and a half of marijuana to an informant.
44) The trial judge in Williams sentenced to death a defendant convicted of first-degree murder, despite a jury recommendation of life imprisonment.
Juveniles in all states can be tried and sentenced in the adult criminal justice system for certain felonies.
As prisons become increasingly overcrowded and costly, prison officials are under increased pressure to release prisoners to make room for those sentenced under congressional mandatory minimums, meaning they will likely release violent offenders.
A second category of offenders warranting special consideration in the eyes of the public includes those sentenced for what some perceive as "minor" drug crimes.
Aghajari was sentenced to receive more than 70 lashes and condemned to death.
And by 1924 the Commission pardoned 68 prisoners, paroled 178 under the old system of fixed sentences (those sentenced before 1919) and paroled a further 502 under the new indeterminate system.