sentence

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pass sentence (on someone or something)

1. Literally, of a judge, to determine and read out a sentence following a criminal conviction. Before I pass sentence, I want to allow a victim-impact statement to be read aloud before the court. The judge passed a sentence of 35 years on the convicted murderer.
2. To make or render a judgment someone or something, especially hastily or preemptively. I know you usually don't like musicals, but don't pass sentence until you see this one for yourself. The president has been quick to pass sentence on those who speak out against her policies.
See also: pass, sentence, someone

sentence (one) to (something)

To impose a particular legal penalty upon one who is found guilty of a crime. The judge sentenced the former CEO to 30 years in prison for his role in defrauding millions of customers over the span of 15 years. They sentenced him to 5 years of hard labor for simply stealing a loaf of bread.
See also: sentence

pass sentence on someone

 
1. Lit. [for a judge] to read out the sentence of punishment for a convicted criminal. It is my job as judge to pass sentence on you. The judge was about to pass sentence on Max—ten years in prison.
2. Fig. [for someone] to render a judgment on another person in the manner of a judge. You have no right to pass judgment on me! I wish you wouldn't pass judgment on everyone around you.
See also: on, pass, sentence

sentence someone to something (for something)

[for a judge] to order someone to suffer confinement, death, or labor for committing a crime. The judge sentenced Roger to three years in prison for the crime. The judge sentenced him to hard labor.
See also: sentence
References in periodicals archive ?
served by sentenced offenders over time, three lines depict the
The total number of burglars sentenced in the year was 25,360 compared with 40,249 a decade earlier.
But local citizens lobbied to have the charge reduced and he was convicted of manslaughter, sentenced to five years and released after a year.
Moreover, under the Sentencing Reform Act, offenders sentenced to prison may not obtain early release on parole, which has been abolished.
District Court Judge Patricia Fawsett sentenced 45-year-old Sholam Weiss of New York to 845 years for stealing $125 million from the Orlando, Fla.-based insurer.
When a judge sentenced you to 20years, that meant 10." But truth in sentencing is only part of the reason prison populations have been increasing in Illinois.
As a result, judges often sentenced offenders to six months in a local jail rather than two years in a state prison since the jail sentence would result in more time served.
But as of December 2, when a "persistent offender" is sentenced, judges are required to impose a sentence of total confinement for life without any possibility of parole.
6 in the event of failure by the offender to comply with the condition, the offender will be sentenced by the court at a further hearing for the original offense as well as for the new offense.
(87) The result was that most of the prison sentence was suspended, and the defendant was sentenced to only six months of immediate imprisonment, in addition to the time served on remand.
The following defendants were sentenced to the Illinois Department of Corrections by the Franklin County Circuit Court.
I think you either have to take this position that you seem to be taking in your papers, that this defendant should be sentenced to life imprisonment, or not.