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pass sentence on someone

1. Lit. [for a judge] to read out the sentence of punishment for a convicted criminal. It is my job as judge to pass sentence on you. The judge was about to pass sentence on Max—ten years in prison.
2. Fig. [for someone] to render a judgment on another person in the manner of a judge. You have no right to pass judgment on me! I wish you wouldn't pass judgment on everyone around you.
See also: on, pass, sentence

sentence someone to something (for something)

[for a judge] to order someone to suffer confinement, death, or labor for committing a crime. The judge sentenced Roger to three years in prison for the crime. The judge sentenced him to hard labor.
See also: sentence
References in classic literature ?
I do not recall that I was sentenced to listen to the insults of every low-born boor who chanced to admire me.
He was innocent of the crime for which he was sentenced.
But shortly afterwards both Androcles and the Lion were captured, and the slave was sentenced to be thrown to the Lion, after the latter had been kept without food for several days.
Pinocchio is robbed of his gold pieces and, in punishment, is sentenced to four months in prison
47) The district judge instead sentenced Kimbrough to the mandatory minimum sentence of fifteen years, in part because he disagreed with the 100-to-one ratio, and he noted in his opinion that the case exemplified the "disproportionate and unjust effect that crack cocaine guidelines have in sentencing.
He has been sentenced to seven years; Stuart Tong, 36, from Cardiff, pleaded guilty to 10 offences of possession and supplying class A drugs, including heroin and crack cocaine and was sentenced to six years and four years, to run concurrently; Leon Smith, 25, from Cardiff, pleaded guilty to eight offences of possessing and supplying crack cocaine and heroin and was sentenced to six years imprisonment; Sasha Almasian, 30, from Cardiff, admitted three charges of supplying heroin and was sentenced to five years in jail; Lawrence Deacon, 44, from Cardiff, admitted six offences, including supplying heroin, and making threats to kill.
A record 140,610 individuals are sentenced to life, 6,807 of whom were juveniles at the time of the crime.
Three more members of the Vineland Boys -- including its ``enforcer'' -- were sentenced Tuesday in the federal racketeering case against the notorious street gang linked to drug dealing and the shooting death of a Burbank police officer.
The chief judge demanded he be sentenced to death instead.
The implementation of the Youth Criminal Justice Act has resulted in a decline in the average number of young people aged 12 to 17 in sentenced custody and on probation, the Centre for Justice Statistics reports.
In Florida, for example, anyone aged 16 or older who commits murder is sentenced to mandatory life in prison without parole.
In the well-publicized Gwen Araujo case, two men were convicted of second-degree murder and each sentenced to 15 years to life in prison after a California jury refused to buy their "transgender panic" defense that they killed the teen in October 2002 due to the shock of discovering that she was biologically male.
that defendants are sentenced based on other alleged offenses for which
LAST NOVEMBER Weldon Angelos, a 24-year-old record company executive with no prior convictions, was sentenced to 55 years in federal prison for selling a pound and a half of marijuana to an informant.