Chia-Feng Chen, RN, Chih-Lu Han, PhD, Chiou-Ping Kan, RN, Shyi-Gen Chen, MD, Ping Wei Hung (2012) Effect of surgical site infections with waterless and traditional hand scrubbing
protocols on bacterial growth AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control Volume 40, Issue 4, Pages e15-e17, May 2012.
This is determined by measuring the test panel before and after the scrubbing test.
Accelerated test methods for the washability and the resistance to cleaning of paints are described in standard test methods BS EN ISO 11998, ASTM D2486 and others, and these tests make use of a reciprocal scrubbing motion, as provided by a Washability Tester.
The method for scrubbing the paint surface differs depending on the standard and therefore a range of scrubbing tools is required to meet all of the standards used.
2% ethylhexadecyldimethyl ammonium ethylsulfate (Sterillium) was found to be more effective than scrubbing using 4% chlorhexidine gluconate in reducing colony forming units on participants hands immediately after antisepsis and at the end of the surgical procedure.
This is important to point out as the AfPP (2007) guidelines state that alcohol rubs are an acceptable alternative to scrubbing for repeated washings only.
Chlorhexidine was significantly more effective than povidone iodine in reducing the number of colony forming units immediately after scrubbing, two hours after the initial scrub and two hours after the subsequent scrub.
Wet Gas Scrubbing can be retrofitted into all full-burn and partial-burn FCCs, even those with first generation CO boilers and/or those operating at very low flue gas pressure.
ExxonMobil has over three decades of experience in the commercial application of their Wet Gas Scrubbing technology.
The market for double-sided wafer scrubbing has undergone tremendous growth fueled by the burgeoning CMP market.
It is remarkable, given the growth of the double-sided scrubbing market, that a significant second-source for PVA brushes has never emerged.
SYNERGY combines the production-proven capabilities of OnTrak's Double Sided Scrubbing (DSS(TM)) technology, the de facto standard for CMP cleaning, with in-situ chemical etching.
A third-generation tool using OnTrak's double-sided scrubbing technology, SYNERGY provides chemical capabilities not offered by competitive systems.
The DDW Transformation Manager adds robust data scrubbing and conversion capabilities to Bull's DDW product family for transforming `dirty' production data into `clean' warehouse data ready to be loaded," said Kirk Mosher, marketing director for Bull's DDW business unit.
The DDW Transformation Manager is a Windows/UNIX client/server application that provides reusable data scrubbing and conversion routines for transforming "dirty" production data into "clean" warehouse data.