Of course, pitting a Bible study circle against all the resources of higher learning looks like an absurdly unfair competition, but it is what fundamentalists have taken on by insisting that the Bible is infallible and tells all we need to know--and worse, that everything outside their diminished understanding of scripture
A rough and ready classification of some different approaches to interfacing Scripture
and psychological science can be offered which captures a broad range of existing options and positions.
Beginning with baptism, an unusual place to start a conversation about scripture
In what follows, I focus on the basic "fundamental commitments" (to use Steve Moyise's term (7)) about Scripture
that inform Aquinas's approach to Paul's use of the Old Testament, most of which revolves around his theology of participation.
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More valuable, though, are the arguments of Sparks about the nature of Scripture
, interpretation, and how the community plays a central role in interpretation.
Prior to the age of dialogue and intra-Christian as well as wider (interreligious) ecumenism, things were simpler in regard to what each community called its holy scriptures
. Jews had their name for their books (miqra--that which is read), Christians, who disagreed among themselves as to exactly which books actually constitute canonical scriptures
, had their name(s) for the canonic collection.
What is often missed, however, is that Calvin's doctrine of Scripture
is not first of all a doctrine of the text or of the text's origins, but of reading it.
A lot of Scripture
is analyzed to show rules for understanding what the Bible is really stating.
Rajan Zed, who is president of Universal Society of Hinduism, said that changing ancient Sanskrit scriptures
to fit the commercial machine were likely to hurt the Hindu sentiments.
Pastoral counselors that subscribe to Scripture
as the sole source of knowledge for understanding human behavior often advocate that addressing sin nature and the subsequent externalizing behaviors is not only necessary but is solely sufficient in guiding clients to a state of healthy mindedness (Adams, 1973; Sanford, 1947).
But have I already depoeticized the appeal?] The call for a possible response, from within an existential and presumably social context, marks scripture
as word of God, and God as the harbor of the event that actualizes the possible.
The last Lambeth Conference, in 1998, saw vitriolic debate on the issue of homosexuality and the passage of a resolution that declared homosexuality "incompatible with Scripture
," but also committed the church to listen to the experiences of gay people.
Based on Scripture
and the writings of the early Fathers of the Church, we find several Councils defining the doctrine of Purgatory--for instance, the Council of Lyons in 1274; the Council of Florence in 1439; the Council of Trent with a "Decree on Purgatory" in 1563.
It came gradually over decades of studying the book and finding one thing for certain: Scripture
is like Newton's third law of motion--for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.