We had a time without compulsory attendance in American history, and we did quite weLl with a variety of schoolings
But when parents of publicly schooled children commit child abuse, the same media sources do not insinuate that there is a causal relationship between public schooling and the crime (which of course, there isn't--any more than there is a causal relationship between home schooling and child abuse).
Critics of home schooling say that abuse is easier to hide in the home-school environment, but there are no statistics to prove that home-schooled children are more likely than public-schooled children to suffer unobserved abuse.
As a prime example, the Akron (Ohio) Beacon Journal published in November 2004 a series of seven articles that cast home schooling in a negative light.
More subtle--therefore more dangerous--than obvious laws or smear campaigns is the attempt to blur the line between public schooling and home schooling, leading to government regulation.
Josephus Daniels in his useful fiction had found the key to producing a political constituency for the Democratic Party in a society bedeviled by newly emerging economic and racial differences - an identity between democracy and schooling and an antithesis between schooling and oligarchies.
It should not be surprising then that some farmers in the countryside opposed almost all changes in schooling advocated by Wilson's reformers.
African Americans in Wilson, on the one hand, desperately wanted good schooling for their children, so much so that at least some were willing to vote for a graded school tax rooted deeply in segregation.
For the older historiography on schooling in the New South see, M.
Home schooling is free agency for the under-18 set.
As recently as 1980, home schooling was illegal in most states.
Home schooling has become perhaps the largest and most successful education reform movement of the last two decades:
Educators during the middle of the nineteenth century had grave doubts about the commitment of working-class parents to their children's schooling that was matched by a concern - to them equally worrisome - to attract the children of the middle class to the public schools.
While historians have documented steadily rising levels of grade attainment from the middle of the nineteenth century onward, none has linked the role of compulsory schooling to the establishment of a standardized early life course, its effect on the family wage economy, and the rise of the sentimentalized child in the working class.
The expansion of popular schooling may be divided into two distinct periods after mid-century: 1852 to 1871 saw the conversion of loosely organized, ungraded common schools into a city-wide system of graded public grammar schools; 1872 to 1911 marked the passage of a compulsory education law and the development of the means to enforce it, including a rising concern with absenteeism, withdrawal rates, truancy, vagrancy, and juvenile labor - all of which were brought under control by the end of the century.