rest in (someone or something)
1. To sit or lie in something or some place in order to recuperate or recover one's energy. I've been resting in bed for most of the day, but I don't really feel any better. Resting in such opulent surroundings really does wonders for one's mental wellbeing.
2. To lay or set someone or something down inside of something. In this usage, a noun or pronoun is used between "rest" and "in." I rested the model airplane in its box to protect it while the glue dried. I scooped up my sleeping son from the sofa, then carried him upstairs and rested him in his bed.
3. To direct an athlete on one's sports team not to play in some event, portion of a game, or span of time. In this usage, a noun or pronoun is used between "rest" and "in." We should have rested him in the first half so that he would have fresh legs when we needed a boost in the second half! They made the difficult decision to rest their star player in the Champions League.
4. To derive from or reside in someone or something. The power to shape government ultimately rests in the public, so long as they are willing to vote, that is. Their strength rests in their sheer numbers, but we can outwit and outmaneuver them.
5. To place, vest, or endow someone or some group with something, such as power, authority, etc. In this usage, a noun or pronoun is used between "rest" and "in." Your mother rested the authority to execute the terms of her will in you. I'll never understand why she would rest the power to shape company policy in someone who has no background in business or finance. We need to stop resting control of our economy in these heartless mega-corporations.
6. To find peace in the afterlife following one's death. (Only used in the set phrase, "rest in peace.") "Rest in peace, my dear friend," she said through her tears. We are saddened by the news of James's sudden passing. May he rest in peace.
rest something in someone or something
to place or vest something in someone or something. The board of directors saw fit to rest the power to hire and fire in the office of the vice president. The president rested the power to hire and fire in the hands of his son, who promptly fired all the top managers.
rest in something
1. to be comfortable in something, such as a chair or a bed. I rested in the chair for a while and then got up and made supper. I will rest in bed until I feel better.
2. to be at ease in a particular condition or status, such as comfort or comfortable surroundings. I hope that you can rest in comfort for the rest of the night. We rested in the plush surroundings and then went back out into the hot sun to work.
3. [for something] to have its source in something. The source of her magnetism rests in the way she uses her eyes. His skill rests in his thorough training.