refrain from (doing something)

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refrain from (doing something)

To make a considered, conscious effort not to do something. I ask everyone to refrain from asking questions until the end of the presentation. Please refrain from talking while you are in the library.
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refrain from something

to hold back from doing something; to choose not to do something as planned. I wish you would refrain from shouting. Please refrain from hollering.
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refrain from

v.
To make a conscious decision not to do something: All passengers must refrain from smoking during the flight.
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References in classic literature ?
In transcribing his notes and fortifying their claim to attention by giving them something of an orderly arrangement, I have conscientiously refrained from embellishing them with such small ornaments of diction as I may have felt myself able to bestow, which would not only have been impertinent, even if pleasing, but would have given me a somewhat closer relation to the work than I should care to have and to avow.--A.
The Ionic School of Epic poetry was, as we have seen, dominated by the Homeric tradition, and while the style and method of treatment are Homeric, it is natural that the Ionic poets refrained from cultivating the ground tilled by Homer, and chose for treatment legends which lay beyond the range of the "Iliad" and "Odyssey".
The armies were divided, there was no unity of command, and Barclay was unpopular; but from this confusion, division, and the unpopularity of the foreign commander in chief, there resulted on the one hand indecision and the avoidance of a battle (which we could not have refrained from had the armies been united and had someone else, instead of Barclay, been in command) and on the other an ever-increasing indignation against the foreigners and an increase in patriotic zeal.
Fac-simile copies of this piece had been in possession of the present editor some time previous to its publication in "Scribner's Magazine" for September, 1875; but as proofs of the authorship claimed for it were not forthcoming, he refrained from publishing it as requested.
Secondly, how the particular motions of anger may be repressed, or at least refrained from doing mischief.
They separated, and, despite the rumbling of low growling in their throats, refrained from attacking each other as they plunged out to the ground.
And Kwaque, without averring anything at all, resolutely refrained from possessing himself of the white cockatoos brought ashore by the sailors off the trading schooners.
By the doctor's advice, we refrained from telling the admiral what had happened.
To refrain is to hold yourself back from saying or doing something: (1) I have refrained from smoking in the last three years.
13, 2018, people with type 2 diabetes who refrained from drinking alcohol during the four-year study period had more success with weight loss than those who drank.
Summary: Calcutta (West Bengal) [India], May 04 (ANI): A division bench of the Calcutta High Court on Friday refrained from interfering in state Election Commission's notification concerning the extension of filing of nominations for West Bengal Panchayat polls by one date.
Bank of Japan has refrained from boosting monetary stimulus.
The components of Islah Party and Rashad Union refrained from signing the report, because the report according to their clarifications included articles that are not agreed upon them ,while the members of Herak South Movement and delegates of youth and Ansar Allah refrained from signing due to political attitudes despite of their agreement with the content of the report.
Spokesperson to President Senator Farhatullah Babar said in a statement that the President as head of the state and in deference to recent court's observations has scrupulously refrained from indulging in partisan political activities or making political statements.
The yield on the benchmark 10-year Japanese government bond rose Friday morning as investors refrained from actively buying bonds due to the instability in financial markets.