Moreover, we describe the design procedure to obtain a realistic radiating element able to radiate
, at the same frequency and simultaneously, two electromagnetic fields with different topological charges.
The blast causes the material to "radiate
in the infrared like the dickens," says Shull.
This experiment investigates how different colors, surfaces, and materials affect an object's ability to absorb and radiate
Partial wave antenna An antenna that radiates
only one partial wave ([tau][kappa]ml).
The bulk of stars radiates
at visible and near-infrared wavelengths, and for distant galaxies, this radiation is shifted into the infrared.
The hotter, inner part of the disk radiates
mostly X rays, while the cooler, outer portion radiates
less-energetic, ultraviolet light.
He recounts Max Planck's "lucky guess" that understanding how energy radiates
from hot metal could be the cornerstone of a new energy theory.
For a few brief shining moments, a gamma-ray burst radiates
more light than anything else in the universe does.
At those temperatures, the baryons are in a diffuse gas that radiates
extreme-ultraviolet light and low-energy X rays.
At temperatures above a few hundred kelvins, molecular hydrogen, which is abundant in the clouds, radiates
most of the heat away.
Because the electrons readily turn their energy into light, the disk radiates
away nearly all of its heat before the gas disappears into the black hole.
When gas from the visible star transfers onto the disk extremely slowly, it grows as hot as 1 trillion kelvins but radiates
Water vapor efficiently radiates
heat away and may play a key role in hastening star formation, Kessler says.
Gas recently struck by the wave generally radiates
at a higher temperature, while gas farther behind the wave glows cooler.
The astronomers found that at a wavelength of 1 mm, this body radiates
much more strongly than expected.