prime

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Related to primes: Primus, Twin primes

in (one's)/its prime

At the peak of skill or physical ability; in the most successful or productive period. In its prime, the company developed some of the most influential video games of all times. I used to be able to bench press over 250 pounds when I was in my prime.
See also: prime

past (someone's or something's) prime

No longer in an ideal state or condition. Many gymnasts are past their prime when they are only teenagers. This computer is so slow that it's definitely past its prime.
See also: past, prime

prime mover

The person or thing that generates the initial energy or momentum for something to happen. The newly elected congresswoman has been the prime mover in the recent environmental reforms. While there was a confluence of events leading to his removal from office, it was the revelation of his tax evasion that was the prime mover.
See also: mover, prime

prime the pump

To take action that encourages the growth of something or helps it to succeed. While the government was forced to slash public expenditures following the major economic crash, they've recently begun priming the pump again across the public sectors. The only way we'll get this project off the ground is if one of the directors of the company primes the pump.
See also: prime, pump

cut (one) off in (one's) prime

To cause the sudden end of something, such as one's life, when one is at the peak of their skill or physical ability, or in their most successful or productive period. It's so tragic that cancer cut that renowned tennis player off in his prime. Yeah, I used to lift weights, but chronic injuries cut me off in my prime.
See also: cut, off, prime

cut (one) down in (one's) prime

To cause the sudden end of something, such as one's life, when one is at the peak of their skill or physical ability, or in their most successful or productive period. It's so tragic that cancer cut that renowned tennis player down in his prime. Yeah, I used to lift weights, but chronic injuries cut me down in my prime.
See also: cut, down, prime

the prime of life

One's happiest, most successful time; the period when one has the most energy, vitality, and potential. Often structured as "the prime of (one's) life." My father was in the prime of life when he was diagnosed with cancer. It's many a man and woman who, in old age, looks back on the prime of their lives with bittersweet nostalgia.
See also: life, of, prime

in (one's) prime

In or during one's happiest, most successful time; in the period when one has the most energy, vitality, and potential. My father was in his prime when he was diagnosed with cancer. Back then, I was in my prime—if I was ever going to have a shot at the big time, that was it!
See also: prime

in one's (or its) prime

Fig. at one's or its peak or best time. Our dog—which is in its prime—is very active. The building was in its prime back in the Fifties, but it has not been well maintained. I could work long hours when I was in my prime.
See also: prime

in the prime of life

Fig. in the best and most productive and healthy period of life. The good health of one's youth can carry over into the prime of life. He was struck down by a heart attack in the prime of life.
See also: life, of, prime

past someone's (or something's) prime

Fig. beyond the most useful or productive period. Joan was a wonderful singer, but she's past her prime now. This old car's past its prime. I'll need to get a new one.
See also: past, prime

prime mover

Fig. the force that sets something going; someone or something that starts something off. The assistant manager was the prime mover in getting the manager sacked. Discontent with his job was the prime mover in John's deciding to retire early.
See also: mover, prime

prime something with something

to enable something to start working or functioning with something. Larry primed the pump with a little water, and it began to do its work. We will prime the market for our new product with a free coupon offer.
See also: prime

past one's prime

Beyond the peak of one's powers, as in Jean still plays tennis but at 79 she's obviously past her prime. Also see the synonym over the hill; prime of life.
See also: past, prime

prime mover

The initial source of energy directed toward a goal, someone or something that sets others in motion. For example, Jean was the prime mover in getting us more laboratory space, or Patriotism was the prime mover of the revolution. [Late 1600s]
See also: mover, prime

prime of life

The best years of one's life, when one is at the peak of one's powers, as in She was in the prime of life when she began to lose her sight. The related phrase in one's prime can be applied to objects as well as persons. For example, The roses were in their prime when you last saw them. In both idioms prime means "first in quality or character." [Early 1700s] Also see past one's prime.
See also: life, of, prime

prime the pump

Encourage the growth or action of something, as in Marjorie tried to prime the pump by offering some new issues for discussion. In the late 1800s this expression originally was used for pouring liquid into a pump to expel the air and make it work. In the 1930s it was applied to government efforts to stimulate the economy and thereafter was applied to other undertakings.
See also: prime, pump

prime the pump

mainly AMERICAN, JOURNALISM
COMMON If someone primes the pump, they take action to help something succeed or develop, usually by spending money on it. He said he would consider priming the pump through increased spending on roads or housing if the economy declined more rapidly than expected. Note: You can also talk about pump-priming, or say that someone pump-primes an economy or a project. I think we are going to have to do some more pump-priming in order to get the economy going. The plan offers a way of pump-priming an economy which is growing too slowly. Note: To prime a water pump means to pump it until it is full of water and all the air has been forced out, so that it is ready to be used.
See also: prime, pump

cut someone off (or down) in their prime

bring someone's life or career to an abrupt end while they are at the peak of their abilities.
See also: cut, off, prime, someone

prime the pump

stimulate or support the growth or success of something, especially by supplying it with money.
This phrase is used literally of a mechanical pump into which a small quantity of water needs to be poured before it can begin to function.
1977 Tom Sharpe The Great Pursuit Significance is all…Prime the pump with meaningful hogwash.
See also: prime, pump

in the prime of (your) ˈlife

at the time in your life when you are strongest or most successful: He was struck down in the prime of his life by a heart attack.What do you mean, I’m old? I’m still in the prime of life! OPPOSITE: be past your/its best
See also: life, of, prime

a prime ˈmover

a person or a thing that starts something and has an important influence on its development: The prime mover in setting up the group was ex-lawyer James Stanley.Economic factors are the prime mover of change.
See also: mover, prime

prime the ˈpump

give somebody, an organization, etc. financial help in order to support a project, business, etc. when it is beginning: The government should really prime the pump in new high technology projects. That’s the only way they’ll be able to survive in the current economic climate. ▶ ˈpump-priming noun: The nation is relying on pump-priming to get the economy started.Originally, this was a way of making a pump work properly by adding water to it.
See also: prime, pump

primed

mod. alcohol or drug intoxicated. The whole college was primed by midnight.
See also: prime

prime the pump

Informal
To encourage the growth or action of something.
See also: prime, pump
References in periodicals archive ?
It's going to force us to understand the primes better," Green says.
For centuries, mathematicians have wondered how many arithmetic progressions such as these exist among the set of prime numbers and how long the progressions can get.
The distribution of primes is closely related to one of the most renowned questions in mathematics, the Riemann hypothesis, which concerns an infinite sum called the zeta function.
Finding the new prime was a wonderful surprise," said Michael Cameron, who used an 800 MHz AMD T-Bird PC running part-time to find the number prime.
Now, a team from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Kanpur, India, has devised a novel approach for detecting primes.
Discovered by 20-year-old Michael Cameron of Owen Sound, Ontario, the new champion prime is [2.
To date, GIMPS participants have found the four largest known primes.
The general belief is that, whenever you write down some definition of a sequence, you will have infinitely many primes unless there's some obvious reason why you don't," Sarnak says.
Remarkably, Spence used a modest Pentium-based desktop computer to find the record prime.
Now, Dubner and Nelson are thinking about taking the next step: going to eight consecutive primes in arithmetic progression.
Recently, he found the largest known twin primes -- a pair of primes that differ by only 2.
However, because no one has yet checked all Mersenne numbers having smaller exponents, mathematicians can't be sure that no Mersenne primes lurk in the vast expanse between the record holder and the second-place Mersenne prime, which has an exponent of 216,091.
But to their surprise, the newly discovered prime number falls between two previously known Mersenne primes.
What isn't clear is whether other Mersenne primes lurk in the gaps between those now known.
TSX:WIN), a global provider of broadband wireless communications products and technologies, and Prime Signal Ltd.