This gets us head-initial + prefixing and head-final + suffixing, but not head-initial + suffixing.
While the HOP reveals a relation between head order and direction of affixation, we still need to account for why suffixing is universally preferred over prefixing. Functional explanations have fallen in two broad categories, roughly corresponding to speaker vs.
(1998) suggest that reduplicants tend to appear on the opposite side of the root from the direction of affixation: a reduplicant tends to be prefixed if the relevant domain (stem, word) is predominantly suffixing; contrarily, a reduplicant tends to be suffixed if the relevant domain is predominantly prefixing. The rationale is a morphological one: with opposite-side reduplicants, the affixes fall outside the reduplicated base: prefixes+base+reduplicant, reduplicant+ base+suffixes.
New Delhi [India], Mar 17 (ANI): Taking a dig at Prime Minister Narendra Modi for prefixing
'chowkidar' to his name on Twitter, Congress president Rahul Gandhi on Sunday said the 'truth cannot be extinguished' and the prefix is 'looking bad.'
the present subjunctive or imperative seem to be more consistent in prefixing different types of verbs, but on the other hand the number of tokens in these forms is considerably lower.
Despite the remarkable consistency in prefixing preterite participles there are entities which are exempt from the prefixation.
There are four important (very productive) systems of derivational affixation in Tagalog, most of which are highly, if not exclusively, prefixing in nature.
Tagalog speakers have little trouble prefixing complex English constructions, where the polylexemic phrase substitutes for the root.