This result is quite consistent with the earlier results of high fall in wage gap between union and non-union members among pink-collar
and blue-collar workers and rise in that wage gap for white-collar workers and higher fall in discrimination level in the case of blue-collar workers compared to white-collar workers (figs.
Banished from sales, she too was mired in a pink-collar
ghetto and often refused basic necessities like restrooms.
Freeman did three years of field work in Barbados, conducting fixed and open-ended interviews with "pink-collar
" informatics workers and their managers, observing their experience on the job, and joining in their social life.
In blue-collar occupations, computers are likely to de-emphasize physical skills and change working conditions, whereas in "pink-collar
" jobs they will likely have little effect on women's ability to perform work.
"Low-income and blue- and pink-collar
men and women who are grounded in the rural culture of this area must create independent pressure organizations and enter the public debate with the power of numbers behind their words."
So are people in countless other jobs that were created by the garment industry, from the assembly-line workers in the plants where sewing machines are built to the pink-collar
staffs of the designers who cluster near the garment factories.
Using the occupational information in the CPS, we identified three non-exhaustive categories of workers: blue-collar (industrial), white-collar (professional), and pink-collar
(administrative support and clerical).(22) The share of temporary work classified as blue-collar grew from 9 percent in 1983 to 23 percent in 1993.
Whether those same on-the-job benefits apply to pink-collar
workers, with low-paying clerical positions, remains unknown, she says.
The public often measures professionalism by the way people dress, as demonstrated by the terms "blue-collar," "white-collar," and "pink-collar
Yet, as the public schools retrench, more of America's blue- and pink-collar
workforce now spawns in private institutions-which spawns the likes of Tommy Wayne Downs.
"Women in the Newsroom: Pink-Collar
Ghetto or Brave New World?" Seeing Female: Social Roles and Personal Lives.
Many lower-income women in Western Europe today -- often single parents working pink-collar
ghetto jobs that leave them exhausted and without realistic hope of advancement -- can, reasonably, feel nostalgia for past values and certainties.
BREAKING OUT OF THE PINK-COLLAR
GHETTO: POLICY SOLUTIONS FOR NON-COLLEGE WOMEN.
In addition, poor wages not only offset women's increased access to the job market, but occupational segregation, as a result of women's access, helped to lower the status of certain jobs and create pink-collar
Using this book, however, we can venture beyond these staples and see American workers taking on the Japanese in the slapstick Gung Ho, Spencer Tracy as an efficiency expert in Desk Set, or Dolly Parton as a pink-collar
heroine in 9 to 5.