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Panting is part of the respiratory system so it comes as no surprise that disorders in this system can lead to heavy breathing or panting.
Lower respiratory tract disorders may not allow for sufficient gas exchange at the level of the lung and result in panting in an attempt to increase the oxygen flow.
Any conditions that cause dysfunction of the muscles of respiration may contribute to panting. These include myasthenia gravis (a neuromuscular disease caused by an inability of certain nerve receptors to function properly); nerve disorders associated with diabetes mellitus (in which the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin which is required for the body to efficiently process sugars, fats, and proteins); and laryngeal paralysis associated with hypothyroidism.
Dogs can also have panic attacks; these acute episodes of intense anxiety are frequently accompanied by severe panting, shaking, and trembling with a rapid heart and respiratory rate and dilated pupils.
Panting is often associated with cognitive dysfunction, the mental deterioration that sometimes occurs as dogs age.
Panting can be associated with eclampsia, commonly known as milk fever, a low blood calcium level that can develop in the weeks after giving birth (usually due to an underactive thyroid gland).
* Hemobartonellosis--a disease caused by a parasite transmitted by fleas --may produce fever and red blood cell problems leading to anemia and then to panting.
"Any fluid between the lungs and thoracic wall will cause pressure and panting," says Dr.
Heartworms are a cause of panting that most people are unaware of.
Your cat should not be panting unless she's extremely stressed.
* If your cat seems to be in severe pain (could be an obstructed urinary tract in a male, cats with blood clots or a bad fracture) which can cause panting.
Members of the passing Albrighton Hunt, who were meeting at Kidimore Green, also tried to help Mrs Panting by using their horses and hounds to drive the Rottweilers on to nearby fields.
A police spokeswoman said it was too early to say whether the dogs will be destroyed and it was not clear why they attacked Mrs Panting.
"Fortunately Mrs Panting was wearing a heavy winter coat which prevented her injuries from being more serious," she said.
A Princess Royal Hospital spokesman said last night Mrs Panting's condition was satisfactory.