Successfully negotiating this stage led individuals into the fourth and final stage, in which integration of Native cultural and ethnic identity allowed them to put meaning to their Nativeness and actively live their identity in relation to other Native people.
Looking across the participants as a group, there was a definite sense that each individual in this stage had achieved some measure of understanding of his or her Nativeness and that Native identity had been firmly integrated into each individual's sense of self.
Study data support the importance of assisting and supporting urban American Indians in the process of coming to understand both the personal and communal meaning of their Nativeness and how that Nativeness can be actualized and expressed in the social realm.
Admittedly, they are all speaking and writing "against a xenophobic nativism," (16) and one way to displace its claims is to restage it, perform linguistic nativeness itself by producing it like a plausible if long and painfully rehearsed show (1995, 233-34) and thereby redefining it as cultural achievement whose true place may well be outside birthplace and kin.
This is how whiteness, whiteness as a signifier of Americanness and white America as a signifier of nativeness, on one side, and "ownership of the language," on the other, are no longer "equated" (Corley 2004, 78).
First, the researchers investigated if the phenomenon, (the perception of agency or personality to an interactive computer program), actually exists, that is, do people attribute non-nativeness and nativeness to a computer program?
The nativeness and non-nativeness of the tutorial was manipulated through three cues.
The second cue to assigning nativeness or non-nativeness of the computer was in the giving of a name to each computer.
The third cue to assigning nativeness of non-nativeness was by identifying a country where the program was developed.
I had a tough time coming to terms with my Nativeness
when I was a kid, because I felt trapped between the Native and white cultures," said Fiddler, who grew up off the reserve in the nearby pulp and paper mill town of The Pas, across the Saskatchewan River from Opaskwayak.