mentality

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crab mentality

A negative, selfish mentality characterized by a preference for others not to get ahead of or do better than oneself. It alludes to a phenomenon of a group of crabs in a pot, in which an escaping crab is pulled back down by the others so that none escape in the end. She dreamt of going to college and beginning a better life, but her parents' and friends' crab mentality constantly discouraged her from leaving the sordid life in which they were entrenched.
See also: crab, mentality

siege mentality

The belief that one is constantly under attack and must protect oneself from hostility. Don't be surprised if Ned reacts to you with anger—he has a siege mentality that makes it difficult for him to see anything positively. Many people living in that war-torn country have developed a siege mentality.
See also: mentality, siege
References in periodicals archive ?
After the Algiers faculte instituted psychiatric instruction in 1925, Porot's observations defined his teachings, and his students produced theses and articles that clearly articulated theories about Algerian mentalities. Algerians were not only ordinarily pathological, but were also born criminals, according to Don Come Arrii, who argued that the civilizing mission needed to preserve public order from indigenous criminality.
Moreover , Collignon never accounts for how a progressive institution like Henri Collomb's Dakar School of transcultural psychiatry could have emerged prior to decolonization, and he never addresses figures like the Surrealists, who found an "antidote to civilization" in so-called primitive mentalities. (70) The question of assimilation was certainly crucial to the practice of French and British colonial psychiatry, but a strong analysis needs to connect these problems explicitly, rather than simply assert their relationship.
Published during a period of relative German economic and social malaise in which Germans are once again comparing their own nation to the American model and seeking both to imitate and improve on it, Schmidt's monograph is an excellent synchronic and diachronic study of mentalities characterized by long duration.
Curry concludes his book with a sophisticated analysis of astrology's fortunes in terms of the history of mentalities. Taking his lead from E.
To the best of my knowledge, this is the first general textbook on the history of mentalities in preindustrial Europe.
What Spierenburg means by mentalities is the "world outlook and emotional life" of the era--in other words, both the prevailing cosmology and personality types.
This modification, that culture can determine social class, provides the foundation for a critique of the self-contradicting dichotomies historians such as Jacques Le Goff posit between exclusivist and inclusivist mentalities, between "class" mentalities and "unifying" mentalities.