"There are two kinds of blood libel, and both are relevant to the world we live in," says Ken Jacobson, deputy director of the Anti-Defamation League (ADL).
But then again, opposition leader Isaac Herzog declared that UNESCO's World Heritage Committee engaged in a "blood libel" in October by adopting language that ignored the existence of a Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount.
A blood libel, according to the ADL, is "a false, incendiary claim against Jews." But no matter how conveniendy emphatic it sounds, not every false, incendiary claim against Jews--or against anybody--is necessarily a blood libel.
Throughout, O'Brien's emphasis is on the taxonomy and repeated patterns of the blood libel, while he shows how the blood libel is endlessly replayed in Western culture (and, as an unexplored aside, apparently in "radical Islamic versions," 268).
The only reason the blood libel accusation has persisted against Jews is because Jews continue to exist.
"Ballads, Libels and Popular Ridicule in Jacobean England." Past and Present 145: 47-83.
Implicit in this understanding of Jacobean innuendo and libel is a more general assertion about the social function of the kinds of sexual slander that monarchs (and other political figures, then and now) tend to attract: from the sometimes lurid speculations surrounding Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, to the rumors of lovers and secret pregnancies that dogged Elizabeth I, to the hum of gossip surrounding James I and his favorites.
Web sites have emerged re-printing the original libel
, but Demon is determined that they, or the URLs where they can be found, will not be publicly available on Demon's servers.
Unsatisfied with this response, Blumenthal filed a libel lawsuit against Drudge and America Online, seeking an improbable $30 million in damages.
While the latter may need only to prove negligence (under some states' libel laws) in order to recover damages, a public figure must prove that the publisher of the defamation either knew the statement was false or that he didn't care whether it was true or not.
action arose out of events surrounding the acquisition of Leeds Utd by a consortium headed by Mr Bates in 2005, the court heard.
"We thought the award was extremely disproportionate to the actual libel."
The award had been the second highest ever in a libel case in Irish legal history.
(2) It is a question of fact whether or not any matter that is published is a blasphemous libel.
There is no guidance in the Criminal Code or in any judicial interpretations as to what "publishes," "decent language" or "a religious subject" mean, or generally, what constitutes blasphemous libel. This may explain why no one has been charged with this crime since 1935.