Moots (Professor of Political Science and Philosophy at Northwood University, Midland, Michigan) and Philip Hamilton (Professor of history, Christopher Newport Universtiy, Newport News, Virginia), "Justifying
Revolution: Law, Virtue, and Violence in the American War of Independence" is a collection of 13 seminal and erudite contributions by scholarly experts that is further enhanced for academia with the inclusion of an informative introduction, a listing of the contributors and their credentials, and a fourteen page index.
Thus, the action selected by a state under conditions of indeterminacy will be fully determined by justifying
If alternatives are incomparable with respect to the choice value, perhaps the fact that an alternative is not worse than the others can be a justifying
Cindy's force and not justifying
Joanne's force, solely on the basis of Cindy's quickness and superior hand speed, would constitute a reductio ad absurdum.
In this essay I have stressed the point that the respective ontologies of science and faith are driven by different strategies of justifying
belief, and that these strategies, in turn, are driven by different fundamental concerns.
It is my intent in this paper to examine capital punishment (CP) as a paradigm example of violent action for which justifying
arguments are provided.
Later, police obtained a search warrant and retrieved more evidence from the house.(49) The court held that the police acted properly, concluding that "the evidence establishe[d] the existence of an emergency justifying
the warrantless entry and limited search of [the] residence."(50) The court noted that upon entry the officers did no more "than conduct a quite limited search of the premises to ascertain whether additional injured persons were present."(51) Significantly, given their other observations at the scene, the police were not bound by the woman's statements that there was no further problem, and it was permissible to search the location for additional victims over the woman's protest.
That is because the consent once removed doctrine is not based upon an emergency concern for the safety of the undercover officer or informant; rather, it is founded on the premise that the initial consent given by the suspect to an undercover officer or informant can be transferred to the arrest team, justifying
their second entry.
The dissent noted that several other circuits had recognized that public safety is a consideration in determining what is a business necessity justifying
a disparate impact.
In a concurring opinion, two of the justices noted that an anonymous tip with certain features or in certain situations may make it more reliable, justifying
White make it clear that an anonymous tip that merely identifies a person, but does not show that the tipster has knowledge of concealed criminal activity is not sufficient to establish a reasonable suspicion justifying
a stop and frisk.
Clearly, the majority decision rejected an absolute ban on the use of unexplained flight as a factor in justifying
Occasionally, the signs are a pretense - set for the sole purpose of justifying
the detention of drivers who take steps to avert the nonexistent roadblock.
As long as the official remains reasonably willing to publicly defend such a decision, the ethical issues justifying
this type of deception are the same as those for more traditional forms of law enforcement deception.
a warrantless crime scene search on the emergency exception, law enforcement officers should be careful not to strain credibility by alleging unrealistic exigencies.