We used the Online Interpersonal Communication Strategies Scale (Jung et al., 2007) to measure the use of ingratiation
, self-promotion, exemplification, and supplication strategies.
Blue Bell predominantly posted messages that included Informational, Ingratiation
, and Improvement themes during this crisis.
Researchers found that those who were more skilled politically did not get exhausted from ingratiation
, and they were also less likely to resort to lazy or bad behavior.
It indicates which response strategies a source uses in its post based on the Situation Crisis Response Theory, including excuse, justification, ingratiation
, concern, compensation, regret, apology, and corrective actions.
Each acceptance speech was scored for imagery related to the use of the following self-presentational strategies: ingratiation
, exemplification, self-promotion competency, self-promotion bashing, and intimidation.
(1980); Kipnis & Schmidt (1988); Schriesheim & Hinkin (1990); and Yukl & Falbe (1990) conducted empirical studies and identified following upward influence tactics: assertiveness, ingratiation
, rationality, exchange, upward appeal and coalitions (see table 1 for definitions).
Actions are designed to make stakeholders like the organisation.
Stance RRS Date Advocacy Denial 22-Jun-11 Attacking the Accuser 24-Jun-11 Excuse legal 28-Jun-11 actions Accommodation 1-Jul-11 7-Jul-11 21-Jul-11 Justification correction 31-Jul-11 December 31, 2011 Cooperation December 7, 2012 April 23-25, Ingratiation
2013 Excuse, August 3-4, Advocacy scapegoat 2014 Stance Response Advocacy Denied on the RCSC website any connection with Guo Meimei.
FEC, the court's plurality said that "ingratiation
and access" not only aren't corruption, but actually "embody a central feature of democracy." The idea is supposed to be that "general gratitude" is different from a concrete quid pro quo.
Soft tactics are based on friendly behavior (e.g., the use of ingratiation
and consultation), whereas reason-based tactics are based on factual evidence and logic (e.g., the use of rational persuasion) (Falbe & Yukl, 1992; Kipnis & Schmidt, 1985).
Some aspects of this body of law seem to reach conduct that Citizens United endorses: seeking, for example, access, ingratiation
, and influence.
(21) Through ingratiation
with the local population "with the simplest of help," as Reade pointed out about the Kosovo mission, (22) these medical humanitarian relief efforts have treated substantial volumes of patients with minimal medical resources.
Both jobs are political plums, offering many opportunities for ingratiation
of the holder with defense contractors and members of Congress.
Coping with abusive supervision: The neutralizing effects of ingratiation
and positive affect on negative employee outcomes.
: Pleasing People by Associating Them with Successful Others and by Praising Their Associates." Human Communication Research 36 (2010): 163-89.