In the Second Circuit, incumbent
Democrat William N.
Democrat Arnie Roblan was leading challenger R.
School board incumbents
in the Santa Clarita and Antelope valleys took early leads Tuesday night as ballots trickled in from the farthest reaches of Los Angeles County.
Phil Angelides, Democratic candidate for governor of California, has said he would sign a same-sex marriage bill vetoed last year by incumbent
A fairer way to gauge the eagerness of the president's base to rally behind him is to compare this GOP primary to the last one that featured an incumbent
running for reelection with no real primary opposition: Bill Clinton in 1996.
Petition challenges were filed against 142 of those candidates, including five incumbents
In the airline industry, the aggressive pricing may trigger an aggressive response from incumbent
The model specification in many of the earliest studies focuses on partisan differences and restricts the marginal effects of challenger spending and incumbent
spending to be identical.
So we proceed from the hypothesis that challengers enter the race when they perceive a gap between the position of the incumbent
and that of the median voter and assume this position as their platform.
All three fixed-line incumbents
share TeliaSonera as either a majority or significant shareholder, with Latvia the only country where it does not hold majority ownership.
In the race for Board of Health, incumbent
Gary Menin is facing a challenge from newcomer Sue Valentine for a three-year seat.
In several of the seats, the incumbent
lawyer/legislators either are unopposed in November or face only minor party or write-in candidates.
The other incumbent
, Tom Pigott, is not running for re-election, so Winn will face challengers Lee D'Errico, a housing authority investigator, and James Shanbrom, an educational adviser and businessman.
For somebody who's been an incumbent
who was actually elected and not appointed, it's actually pretty rare to see a contested race," he said.
A voluminous empirical literature describes the patterns of incumbent
and challenger fundraising and their effects on electoral outcomes.