To cause someone to be physically unable to do something. Oh man, that illness incapacitated me for weeks—I still get tired just walking up and down the steps.
See also: incapacitate
incapacitate someone (for something) (for a period of time)
to make someone physically unfit for [doing] something for a period of time. The accident incapacitated Rick for further work for a year. Sam's carelessness incapacitated Frank for a month.