Small children in the Bosom of Abraham symbolise future glory and eternal rest.
The concept is given great importance in the liturgy for the dead in which prayers were said for the soul of the deceased to be received in the Bosom of Abraham, or in that of the three patriarchs.
For Christians--and therefore for the elect whom we see in the Bosom of Abraham--Abraham is not an ancestor of the flesh.
The spiritual brotherhood of the faithful is given special expression in the Bosom of Abraham.
In fact, the elect in the Bosom of Abraham are only those who have become children again.
47) A similar parallel appears in St Augustine's exegesis of the Parable of Lazarus: there Lazarus at the door of the rich man is the figure of Christ suffering the Passion; Lazarus in the Bosom of Abraham is Christ reunited with his Father after his resurrection.
New iconographic forms show the elect no longer in the Bosom of Abraham but in that of the Trinity or in that of God the Father (as in two Books of Hours, circa 1460 and 1480).