(41.) William Spohn, "Conscience and Moral Development," in Conscience
: Readings in Moral Theology Number 14, ed.
The pontiff does not dispute the traditional notion that one has a duty to follow one's conscience, but, echoing Murray, he adds that when one believes that "one's moral judgment is true merely by the fact that it has its origin in conscience
" the truth becomes inescapably lost (VS, 32).
acting in equity and good conscience, enjoins a person from perpetrating a fraud," (197) or "This is not a situation where equity and good conscience demand that the province not be permitted to retain these moneys." (198) Sometimes the context implies that it is the conscience of a party that is in issue--as, for example, when we are told that someone has undertaken an obligation and "equity [will hold] him in conscience
to that obligation," (199) or when the conduct of a party is seen as refuting a claim that the retention of funds is "against equity and good conscience".
that beeing borne subjects of this land, yet choose rather to die then to acknowledge (as they are bound in conscience
) the Kings Majestie to bee supreame governour under God in all causes and over all persons" (37-38), and he is equally adamant that if human authority commands "things that are evill and forbidden by God, then is there no bond of conscience at al; but contrariwise men are bound in conscience
not to obey" (34).
Pope John Paul II maintains that in the case of laws such as those which claim to legitimize abortion or euthanasia, there is no obligation in conscience
to obey such laws; instead "there is a grave and clear obligation to oppose them by conscientious objection.
Church courts must decide whether there is objectively such a nullity of marriage, because there are canonical laws binding in conscience