It was taken from the famous Mylodon Cave in Chile, which derives its name from the numerous remains of ground sloths
Taxon Dust Sloth Confidence cave caves Shasta ground sloth
- X 1 (Nothrotheriops shastensis) Prairie dog (Cynomys) * X X 1 Gunnison's prairie dog - cf.
Curator of natural history for the Culture and Heritage Museums of York County, South Carolina, Fields (biology, Winthrop U.) describes the teeth and postcranial elements of juvenile and adult ground sloths
that lived some 400-450 thousand years ago in the state's Coastal Plain.
1998 Ground sloth
extinction and human occupation at Gruta del Indio, Argentina (Austin Long and P.S.
Gigantic prey creatures like the 18-foot tall giant ground sloth
were heavily armed with savage claws and were pretty much untouchable.
Roughly the size of a Volkswagen Beetle, the prehistoric Shasta ground sloth
ate the leaves, seeds, and fruits of the plant, traveled great distances, and, along the way, passed the seeds through its digestive system, fertilizing them with its manure.
A new genus of ground sloth
from the Pleistocene of Nebraska.
The remains included several Egyptian mummies and two extinct species -- the marsupial wolf and ground sloth
. Plant DNA up to 400,000 years old, and DNA from the extinct mammoth and steppe bison have been recovered from Siberian sediments.
One of the ice age animals these cats preyed on was the ground sloth
. Today's sloths are about the size of a small dog, whereas some prehistoric sloths reached the size of an elephant.
The bear-sized ground sloth
Megalonyx, endemic to North America, was widespread during the Pleistocene, reaching as far north as Alaska, Yukon, and Northwest Territories.
When the Panamanian isthmus reconnected North and South America several million years ago, the armadillo, opossum, and giant ground sloth
were among the animals that crossed the land bridge and migrated north.
At the end of the last ice age, near what is now Las Vegas, early Americans left evidence of having dined on Nothrotherium, a now extinct seven-foot ground sloth
. Analysis of its fossilized dung showed that 80 percent of the sloth's diet was leaves of the Joshua tree.
Adults of some ground sloth
species approached 5 meters in length.
From the well-known saber-toothed tiger and wooly mammoth to the obscure--but equally amazing--giant ground sloth
, 100 mammals are showcased vividly in full color.