On the other hand, so prevalent was the reference to native Koreans as gooks that in September, 1950, General Douglas MacArthur directed that the use of the term be discontinued because it gave "aid and comfort to the enemy" by calling into question the U.
One of the most revealing of the countless such references to "gooks" came in a 1969 report by war correspondent Robert Kaiser, one titled "The GI's and the Gooks.
The contempt and bestiality will scarcely surprise those who have much studied American imperialism, but hearing the term gook applied to black people may.
The origins of gook are mysterious, but the dictionary-makers agree that it is an Americanism.
In the Pacific, the Second World War witnessed the spread of gook to apply to peoples far beyond the Philippines.
Steve Jacobs, a psychiatric nurse counselling veterans of Vietnam, challenges clients who use gook to describe their "enemies" not just because the word is repugnant but because it signals a continuing refusal to acknowledge the war's horrors and a holding on to pain.