Histopathology report suggested Colloid goitre
with cystic degeneration and recurrent haemorrhages (Fig.
4] assay, an ultrasound guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAC) along with size, morphology and relationship of the goitre
to contiguous structure.
It is commonly seen post operatively in long standing goitre
along with thoracic extension2.
The approach to the surgical management of benign goitre
is progressively becoming more radical owing to the risk of recurrent goitre
 and the safety of surgery.
KEY WORDS: Iodine deficiency, Environment, Goitre
prevalence, Thyroid hormones.
The recent study was about the total prevalence of goitre
and urinary iodine excretion in Kashmiri schoolchildren after 15 years of iodisation.
Key words: Endemic goitre
, trace elements, iodine deficiency
In our study, multinodular goitre
was the most common presentation.
Moderate to severe iodine deficiency in three endemic goitre
areas from the Black Sea region and the capital of Turkey.
simply means thyroid swelling, and the causes range from hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism to thyroid cancer.
The number of people suffering from goitre
has also come down.
They said goitre
rates among school age children were 4.
Iodine deficiency has been shown to be associated with endemic cretinism, endemic goitre
and subcretinous mental subnormalities (1).
A small thyroid goitre
was recognised during her preoperative examination.