Management of retrosternal goitres
. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2009;91:8-11.
Diagnosing a goitre
Your GP will examine your neck to see whether your thyroid gland is swollen, and may request a thyroid function test which measures the level of thyroid hormones in your blood.
had a benign appearance on ultrasonography and I assumed that goiter was softer than malignant tumor.
Cystic degeneration with haemorrhage and subsequent calcification may be seen in long standing multinodular goitres
. However, large calcified thyroid nodules causing symptoms of obstruction with tracheal deviation are not commonly reported in literature .
The incidence of malignancy in a recurrent goitre
ranged from 4% to 17% , and this closely correlated with the period of observation.
Figure 4: Patients distribution according to clinical diagnosis Solidarity thyroid module 28 (56%) Diffuse thyroid swelling 16 (32%) Multinodular goitre
3 (6%) Cystic lesion 3 (6%) Note: Table made from bar graph.
The rationale for choosing TT with its potential risk is based on the pre- and intraoperative finding of the involvement of both lobes of the thyroid gland in long standing simple multinodular goitre
; (8) and the assertion that the best way to avoid recurrence is to remove all pathological tissues.
Now plans for Goitre
Fach have also been submitted for councillors to consider.
can also result from cyanide poisoning, this is particularly common in tropical countries where people eat the cyanide-rich cassava root as the staple food.5,6
Tracheomalaciais one of the complications, which usually results from prolonged compression of trachea by expanding and longstanding goitre
, particularly having an extension in the thoracic inlet.
To review the profile of thyroid disease in patients with goitre
who presented to the Department of Surgery at Polokwane Mankweng Hospital Complex (PMHC), tertiary hospitals in Limpopo, to characterise the pattern of malignant disease in patients presenting with goitre
, and to determine the most common thyroid cancer in the Limpopo population study group.
(1992) reported that goitre
as an emerging mineral disorder in animal grazed on iodine deficient endemic areas.
[4.] Abuye C and Y Berhane The goitre
rate, its association with reproductive failure, and the knowledge of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) among women in Ethiopia: Cross-section community based study.
The study--' Goitre
and Urinary Iodine Excretion Survey in School children of Kashmir Valley'-- has been published by the journal Clinical Endocrinology.