Traditionally, patients with multinodular goiter
have been considered to have a lower risk of malignancy than those with a single nodule.
hypothyroidism, lithium, thyroid gland, ultrasonography
Conclusion: Frequency of RLN injury was almost 5% as whole in thyroid surgery but rate was more in complicated cases like thyroid carcinoma, recurrent goiter
and hyperthyroid goiter
because of altered anatomy.
Among them colloid goiter
was the most common followed by benign cystic lesion.
The natural history of benign nodular goiter
is largely variable and unpredictable in a given patient because no specific predictive growth parameters exist.
Best approach for posterior mediastinal goiter
removal: transcervical incision and lateral thoracotomy.
Globally, endemic goiter
is prevalent in different regions of the world and is caused by iodine deficiency.
Conclusions: In our study, it was found that the most common complaints at presentation in patients with a diagnosis of hashimoto thyroiditis included goiter
, weakness and weight gain and the prevalence of celiac diseases was found to be 1.
Total versus subtotal thyroidectomy for the management of benign multinodular goiter
in an endemic region.
The risk of postoperative bleeding is higher in patients with retrosternal goiter
and Grave's disease5.
After treatment with radioactive iodine, the goiter
size reduces by almost 40% in a year.
Iodine nutritional status and goiter
prevalence in 6-12 years primary school children of Saurashtra region, India.
may be manifested as retarded maturation and growth of skin and its appendages, the skeleton and/or central nervous system (Hopkins and Thorburn, 1972).
He said the warning signals of thyroid cancer are: a hard mass or nodules in the anterior neck; rapid enlargement of a long-standing goiter
in older patients; cervical lymph node enlargement; hoarseness; difficulty of swallowing; and difficulty of breathing associated with goiter
Iodine deficiency in childhood and adolescence is characteristically associated with endemic goiter