gall

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gall and wormwood

Strong feelings of bitterness and resentment. ("Gall" is bile and "wormwood" is a bitter plant.) Ever since I lost the election for school president, I only feel gall and wormwood when I think of my unworthy opponent.
See also: and, gall, wormwood

dip (one's) pen in gall

To write something that conveys one's animosity, anger, or malice. The critic must have dipped his pen in gall before writing that very negative review.
See also: dip, gall, pen

wormwood and gall

Bitterness, resentment, disappointment, or humiliation; a figurative source of such feelings. Let me tell you, the life of a book publisher is full of wormwood and gall these days. My aunt relished cruel, embittered opinions on people and the world, seeming to prefer feasting on wormwood and gall than the many joys life brings.
See also: and, gall, wormwood

have the gall to do something

Fig. to have sufficient arrogance to do something. I bet you don't have the gall to argue with the mayor. Only Jane has the gall to ask the boss for a second raise this month.
See also: gall, have

dip your pen in gall

write unpleasantly or spitefully.
Gall is another word for bile, the bitter secretion of the liver; it is used in many places in the Bible as a metaphor for bitterness or affliction. See also wormwood and gall (at wormwood).
See also: dip, gall, pen

wormwood and gall

a source of bitter mortification and grief. literary
Gall is bile, a substance secreted by the liver and proverbial for its bitterness, while wormwood is an aromatic plant with a bitter taste. The expression originated in reference to various passages in the Bible, for example Lamentations 3:19: ‘Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall’.
See also: and, gall, wormwood

unmitigated gall

Absolute impudence, out-and-out effrontery. The use of gall, which strictly speaking means the liver’s secretion, or bile, and its extension to bitterness of any kind, dates from about a.d. 1000. In late nineteenth-century America, however, it began to be used in the sense of “nerve” or “brazenness.” Its frequent pairing with unmitigated, meaning “unmodified” or “intense,” occurred in the twentieth century.
See also: gall
References in periodicals archive ?
We gratefully acknowledge the field work of Cristian Miranda Alvarado who is responsible for a large proportion of the galls found in the field at the TBR, and to colleagues and students who have collected galls from elsewhere in the country.
Host plants of insect-induced galls in areas of cerrado in the state of Goias, Brazil.
Where host plant goes, galls go too: new records of the Neotropical galling Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess.
Phylogenetic studies suggested that the galling habit, at least in some groups, evolved from leaf rolling and leaf folding galls (Inbar et al., 1995; Crespi & Worobey, 1998; Nyman et al, 2000).
Some authors consider leaf rolling galls as pseudogalls (Wool, 2004), since their development depends on the feeding activity and death of epidermal cells, which causes host leaf deformation.
The concept of galls as new organs may be applied to galls containing redifferentiated tissues with new specialized functions (Oliveira & Isaias, 2010a, 2010b; Ferreira & Isaias, 2013, 2014; Ferreira et al., 2015; Richardson et al., 2017).
Diversity of gall-inducing insects and their galls, pp.
Natural history, molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of a new kleptoparasitic gelechiid moth associated with Melastomataceae galls in Southern Brazil.
Insect galls from Serra de Sao Jose (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil).
A new Rhus gall aphid species Nurudea zhengii Ren , sp.
Rhus gall aphid, Nurudea zhengii, New species, Morphology, China.
(Combretaceae) was described as hosting galls in the literature, such as those induced by Houardodiplosis rochae Tavares, 1925 on Combretum leprosum Mart.
humilis, demonstrating that this is a new species of Cecidomyiidae that needs to be described because the galls are species-specific, and there is no record of this species in the literature.
As regards hyperparasitism, it was not observed inside frozen galls in 2011 and 2012, but only in two cases in 2013, when two parasitoid specimens were found hyperparasitized.
By considering only parasitized galls, we could focus on how much the galls were being exploited by parasitoids.