gall

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gall and wormwood

Strong feelings of bitterness and resentment. ("Gall" is bile and "wormwood" is a bitter plant.) Ever since I lost the election for school president, I only feel gall and wormwood when I think of my unworthy opponent.
See also: and, gall, wormwood

dip (one's) pen in gall

To write something that conveys one's animosity, anger, or malice. The critic must have dipped his pen in gall before writing that very negative review.
See also: dip, gall, pen

wormwood and gall

Bitterness, resentment, disappointment, or humiliation; a figurative source of such feelings. Let me tell you, the life of a book publisher is full of wormwood and gall these days. My aunt relished cruel, embittered opinions on people and the world, seeming to prefer feasting on wormwood and gall than the many joys life brings.
See also: and, gall, wormwood

have the gall to do something

Fig. to have sufficient arrogance to do something. I bet you don't have the gall to argue with the mayor. Only Jane has the gall to ask the boss for a second raise this month.
See also: gall, have

dip your pen in gall

write unpleasantly or spitefully.
Gall is another word for bile, the bitter secretion of the liver; it is used in many places in the Bible as a metaphor for bitterness or affliction. See also wormwood and gall (at wormwood).
See also: dip, gall, pen

wormwood and gall

a source of bitter mortification and grief. literary
Gall is bile, a substance secreted by the liver and proverbial for its bitterness, while wormwood is an aromatic plant with a bitter taste. The expression originated in reference to various passages in the Bible, for example Lamentations 3:19: ‘Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall’.
See also: and, gall, wormwood

unmitigated gall

Absolute impudence, out-and-out effrontery. The use of gall, which strictly speaking means the liver’s secretion, or bile, and its extension to bitterness of any kind, dates from about a.d. 1000. In late nineteenth-century America, however, it began to be used in the sense of “nerve” or “brazenness.” Its frequent pairing with unmitigated, meaning “unmodified” or “intense,” occurred in the twentieth century.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Compositional differences between vegetation types can be interpreted either as differences in galls or in host plants, but nevertheless they demonstrate that the differences detected for galling species richness are not due to differential environment preference, as suggested by Fernandes and Price (1988).
herbaceous in the long term than galling because browsing removes part of C.
However, the progeny of 102I X K4S rated slightly higher than N1S X K4S for galling.
The successive midge generations gave a sequence of galling rates on the same plants that was addressed by repeated-measures analysis of variance (Potvin et al., 1990) in SAS GLM procedure with "REPEATED" statement and "PROFILE" transformation.
The guild of galling insects in the Restinga de Marambaia includes only three orders: Diptera, Hemiptera, and Lepidoptera, being less diverse than in most other areas of restinga.
Nevertheless, their levels of nutrients can confirm not only that the gall is an adaptation to improve feed quality for the galling herbivore but also for the maintenance of gall metabolism.
Caged plants were gall free, while galls formed on 87 [+ or -] 2% of shoots (mean [+ or -] 1 SE) in galling treatment plants.
Percentage of leaves attacked by galling insects, number of galls per leaf and per individual was compared between edge and interior habitats by the average comparison tests (t test).
Forecasts indicate that the number of species of Cecidomyiidae might be about 85 000, representing 64% of the total diversity of galling insects in the world (Espirito-Santo & Fernandes 2007).
Mortality factors (top-down) acting upon the galling larva were grouped in the following categories: parasitoidism, predation, pathogens, and unidentified factors (for details see Fernandes and Price, 1992).
(4) If the gallers negatively affect each other's performance, do they avoid one another when choosing galling sites?
Our objective was to research the seasonality of galling insects (Hymenoptera) and their natural enemies on this tree, in strict sense Cerrado (a species-rich dense scrub of shrubs and trees, 8-10 m high and a dense understory) at Montes Claros in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
The specificity of the galling insects to their host plant and organ are so strict that they are able to induce galls in only one or in a group of related host plant species (Dreger-Jauffret & Shorthouse 1992, Nyman 2000, Stone & Schdnrogge 2003, Inbar 2004).
Galling is a form of wear that is caused by metal surfaces in gliding contact with one other, such as all the sometimes hundreds of bolts and fasteners holding production equipment and its moving parts together.