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1. In basketball, to have reached the maximum number of allowable fouls and thus no longer be able to play in the game. Well, our best player just fouled out, so there's no way we're going to win this game.
2. In baseball, to hit a fly ball that is caught by an opposing player in foul territory. Ugh, I can't believe I fouled out—I thought for sure that ball was going into the stands!
foul out (of something)
[for a basketball player] to be forced out of a game because of having too many fouls. The center fouled out in the first fifteen minutes. Two other players fouled out soon after.
1. Sports To be put out of a game for exceeding the number of permissible fouls: After committing his fifth foul, the center fouled out and walked off the court.
2. Baseball To strike out by hitting a fly ball that goes foul but is still caught: He fouled out on a pop fly near the dugout on the third base line.