Hence, pairs that began with a larger clutch should fledge more young than pairs that began with a smaller clutch when both are given the same number of young to raise (Nur 1986).
Nonetheless, to reduce the probability of biasing my estimates of survival, I eliminated all nests that failed to fledge at least one nestling from the analysis of return.
Under the assumptions that food is limited and costs of reproduction are passed onto offspring, I predicted that both the proportion of young to fledge and nestling quality would decline with increasing brood size.
High-quality chicks may be expected to grow faster and fledge at a younger age than low-quality chicks (but see Ross and McLaren 1981).
It might be argued that brood reduction occurred in nests where parents delivered less food, and therefore surviving nestlings should be expected to grow more slowly or be less likely to fledge than in unreduced broods.
Our results suggested the possibility of an additional cost to asynchronous hatching: chicks in large ASYNC broods generally took longer to fledge than their SYNC counterparts.
Moreover, Texas Instruments has chosen to work with us in telecom DLP applications because of our innovative approach to achieving a low-cost, full-featured platform and our overall experience with the Telcordia-certified FLEDGE platform.
Nistica's FULL FLEDGE ROADM will provide the following powerful features at the lowest cost points in the global marketplace:
The company's FLEDGE series delivers a new class of devices to fulfill the requirements of an Agile Optical Network, while automating and simplifying optical systems deployment and reconfiguration in edge and core networks.
In addition, females can initiate second broods within 7-10 days after the first brood fledges
, leaving males with sole feeding responsibility for juveniles at ca.
We are very impressed with the FLEDGE series - it represents the best in fundamental product design and lends itself very well to our high-quality, low cost manufacturing processes.
The company's FLEDGE subsystems deliver high optical performance at up to 80% lower first costs over comparable products deployed in core networks.
Tanagers, on the other hand, were able to fledge
mixed broods, and were impacted by a higher rate of removal of eggs of the host by cowbirds and increased competition for food in multiply parasitized nests.
The Nistica FLEDGE
products are characterized by sharp filter edges, flat tops and low optical insertion losses, allowing graceful growth of bandwidth at line rates of up to 40 Gbps.
It doesn't take long for Fledge
to size up the sexual predilections of the gentry and begin bringing out the decadence in everyone.