Common insect pests of maples include flatheaded appletree borer (Chrysobothris femorata [Olivier]) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), ambrosia beetles (e.g., Xylosandrus crassiusculus [Motschulsky]) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), maple and two-spotted spider mites (Oligonychus aceris [Shimer] and Tetranychus urticae Koch) (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae), maple shoot borer (Proteoteras aesculana Riley) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), maple leaftier (Episimus tyrius Heinrich) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), potato leafhopper (Empoasca fabae [Harris]) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), and various species of armored and soft scales (Hemiptera) (Frank et al.
The flatheaded appletree borer is the most significant pest of concern in many woody ornamental production areas in the eastern US (Potter et al.
Previous work also has demonstrated that weedy maple tree plots had fewer flatheaded appletree borer attacks than trees in plots with rows maintained by pre-emergent herbicides (Oliver et al., unpublished data).
While flatheaded appletree borer may be considered the most devastating pest of maple trees in some production regions, there are many other primary and secondary maple pests that could be affected by flatheaded appletree borer management practices.
Project objectives from proposal: The objectives include an investigation of the use of cover crops in woody ornamental production systems through: The evaluation of winter cover crop stand recovery and tree seedling development after fall or spring transplant of tree liners; The evaluation of summer and winter cover crop rotations in established tree production areas; Optimization of winter cover crops methods for management of key woody ornamental tree pest, the flatheaded
appletree borer, and; The incorporation of biofumigant cover crops for treatment of soils prior to liner transplant.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate flatheaded
apple tree borer (FHAB) control in plots with cover crops, but the secondary impact of plantings has been evaluated on other maple pests.
The bomb, which is flatheaded
, 14 inches long and two inches in diameter, is very badly corroded, with several holes in the head.
McPhee, who described Allen as a 'flatheaded
, redheaded lemur with closely bitten fingernails and a sports jacket' at the time, also revealed that none of his subjects was "simpler or more agreeable than Allen." ( ANI )
As Morrison notes, "The songs from Georgia were flatheaded
nails for pounding and pounding and pounding" (40).
The jungle river also harbors such little-seen species as the hairy-nosed otter, the flatheaded
cat, Asian elephants, Sumatran rhinos, twenty-seven types of bat, and many exotic birds.
The Family Heptageniidae (flatheaded
mayflies) was represented by Stenonema (pulchellum group) at IDEM8.
Then look at the many children With hands like the monkey's paw, Bowlegged, flatheaded
, and foolish-- Bred true to Mendel's law.
Collection of adult flatheaded
borers using multicolored traps.
apple tree borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in nursery-grown red maples: phenology of emergence, treatment timing, and response to stressed trees.
Longhorned and flatheaded
borers attacking fire-killed coniferous timber in Michigan.