26) Faits accomplis have a long history in international politics, and in crisis bargaining in particular, but prior to recent research by Ahmer Tarar and Daniel Altman they were entirely untheorized.
As illustrated in the figure, faits accomplis can be gradualist or decisive, and coercive or noncoercive.
But faits accomplis need be neither gradual nor coercive.
Even the convergence of these tactics--intermediaries and faits accomplis, put to the service of exploiting ambiguities in defender commitments or avoiding defender commitments altogether--does not make gray zones a category of conflict that stands independent of coercive diplomacy, hybrid conflict, or other types of bounded conflict interactions short of conventional war.
The deliberate use of faits accomplis, as opposed to some other type of aggressive action, involves an implicit wager that the action taken will encourage restraint and not provoke defender retaliatory measures.
When deployed during noncrises and nonwar situations, faits accomplis thus "stack the deck" of strategic interaction in favor of the aggressor at the expense of the defender's preferences by encouraging restraint in the latter.
But there is a mismatch between the academic literature's lack of emphasis on redline avoidance, intermediaries, and faits accomplis and policy makers' growing concern about them.
There are no developments, the President stressed, noting that "there has been a setback since Mr Eroglu took over and we cannot accept the faits accomplis
, no government in my view can accept the faits accomplis
that Mr Eroglu is trying to impose by saying that we should accept the realities of two states, the illegal state that has been condemned by the Security Council and the international community, and the legal state, a part of which is also that, which he alleges it is a state".
000 Greek Cypriots, in an attempt to change the demographic character of the island and create faits accomplis
," a Ministry of Foreign Affairs press release says.
This completely suits Turkey since it is exploiting the passage of time to consolidate the occupation faits accomplis
on the ground, even more so when it is almost certain that in the event of such a development the international community will also apportion responsibilities on the Greek Cypriot side.
We faced decisions that had already been taken and came across faits accomplis
through which we were faced with the following dilemmas:
The president added that "the continuing influx of illegal settlers in Cyprus, the usurpation of Greek Cypriot properties and new faits accomplis
to establish a separate illegal state are the greatest dangers facing the country at present".
As a result, situations become faits accomplis
in relation to the Republic's obligation to pay expenses," Yorkadji said.
The subsequent faits accomplis
of this act threaten the survival of Cypriot Hellenism in its ancestral lands and the unity of its historical space.