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The authors "[...] test the hypothesis that perceived transparency is correlated both with the expectedness of the constituents themselves and with the expectedness of this relation".
In the case of affixed words, the experiments with--bil/--al--izabilidade words show that the expectedness of the combination between affixes is crucial for the semantic interpretation of the word.
In their analysis of compound words, Bell and Schafer (2016: 157) state that there is a relation between frequency and expectedness, productivity and expectedness, and expectedness and semantic transparency.
These variables are frequency of combination, expectedness and semantic transparency plus interpretability.
Bearing in mind the correlations between frequency, semantic transparency, affixal salience, combination between affixes, morphological complexity of word-formation patterns, expectedness and pattern character, constructed upon the theoretical background discussed in sections 3.1 and 4 and that semantic transparency may be judged by total semantic match, partial semantic match, or total lexical match (opposed to partial phonological mutation), we make the following predictions:
This means that the correlation between transparency and expectedness is not only observable in specific words, that is, the tokens, but it extends to the combinations of affixes as types (Hay and Baayen 2002).
A low type frequency of the affixal chain leads to a low expectedness of the combination of the semantics provided by those affixes, which leads to a lack of semantic transparency.
A total semantic match is higher when affixation is pleonastic, because expectedness creates semantic transparency.
Total lexical match is higher in frequent evaluative words than in non-frequent/created ones, which reveals a relation between frequency and expectedness. This is in accordance with prediction 1.
This is because pleonastic affixation, such as the evaluative one, leads to semantic expectedness in the hearer that enables him/her to identify the meaning of the word, even in relation to non--frequent words, which is in accordance with prediction 2.
Pleonastic affixation reinforces expectedness and semantic transparency inside the word.
This shows that affixal salience (Laudanna and Burani 1995) also depends on the expectedness of the affixal combination.
The lack of a relation between timeliness and expectedness of transitions and life satisfaction and wellness was unexpected as well, based on the literature.
In addition, future studies could be designed to investigate the relation between timing and expectations of each specific transition and life satisfaction and wellness rather than using global measures of timeliness and expectedness as was done in this study.
In conclusion, this study has provided a description of the transitions experienced by contemporary midlife women and measures of the timeliness, expectedness, and impact of those transitions.