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et al.

And others. It is an abbreviation of a Latin phrase (et alii, et aliae or et alia, depending on the number and gender) and is typically used after a name or list of names to indicate the inclusion of others. This research was carried out by Richards et al.
See also: ET
Farlex Dictionary of Idioms. © 2015 Farlex, Inc, all rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Lin et al., "Matrix metalloproteinase 1 gene polymorphism as a prognostic predictor of invasive cervical cancer," Gynecologic Oncology, vol.
Dinney et al., "Matrix metalloproteinase polymorphisms and bladder cancer risk," Cancer Research, vol.
Kang et al., "Polymorphisms in the promoter regions of the matrix metalloproteinases-1, -3, -7, and -9 and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in China," Gynecologic Oncology, vol.
Sun et al., "High human cytomegalovirus IgG level is associated with increased incidence of diabetic atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients," Medical Science Monitor, vol.
Cheng et al., "Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with an increased rate of diabetes," Diabetes Care, vol.
Sert et al., "The effect of Helicobacter pylori on insulin resistance," Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol.
Lecanora soralifera (Suza) Rasanen -- SA: Terron et al. (2002).
-- BU: Perez-Ortega et al. (2002); SA: Marcos (1989b).
* Finally, El-Bitar et al studied 126 children whose tubes had been in place for at least 2 years.
(1.) Daniel SJ, Kozak FK, Fabian MC, et al. Guidelines for the treatment of tympanostomy tube otorrhea.
(20.) Sekhar RV, Jahoor F, Pownall HJ, et al. Am J Clin Nutr.
(21.) Sekhar RV, Jahoor F, White AC, et al. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab.
Percival and Card 1992; Skulski and Percival 1996; Lin et al. 1996; Percival and Skulski 2000; Labbe et Lacoste 2001; Lafrance 2001; Boily et al.
The integration of various datasets obtained during the Far North Program and from published studies (sec Percival et al. 2001 and references therein) reveals a very complex geological history spanning over 1.2 billion years.