Among the disadvantages of earmarking sin tax for health, Galen Centre said, was the possibility of further excise duty hikes.
The think tank, however, cited successes in Australia and Thailand in earmarking sin tax for health promotion activities.
They would promote responsible congressional leadership in making spending decisions through earmarking, and they would help reform the legislative process as a whole.
(4) DREIER, PROVIDING FOR EARMARKING REFORM IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, H.R.
It does not appear relevant, however, to the earmarking
Presidential and agency earmarking
may be less familiar than
(He might at least have subtracted the earmarks from the institutional total to yield a guess or, more ambitiously, done some statistical analysis or sought alternative output indicators, such as papers produced.) If this conclusion is warranted, however, academic earmarking
is not necessarily as bad as Savage thinks.
and Distributive Models of Congressional Policy Making
He also targeted another form of earmarking
, even more opaque, in which special spending is slipped into the explanatory reports that accompany legislation that already has been passed.
Like attorneys at hospital bedsides, earmarking
lobbyists aggressively court customers with boasts of their ability to deliver easy cash.
Since Savage dates academic earmarking
back to 1977, when Tufts University sought and received the first earmark for research, we should be able to tell whether earmarks gave the recipients traction in competing for federal research funds.
Rosenzweig, AAU president, admits that the AAU can't force compliance with the moratorium on congressional earmarking
. But he suggests that breaking the moratorium would seriously undermine the AAU.
Just when it looked as if Congress was getting serious about getting the much-abused practice of "earmarking
" under control, new federal budget figures show the stampede of lawmakers to the federal trough this year has been nearly as frenzied as ever.
In addition to politicizing research, earmarking
contributes to cynical, self-serving behavior within the academy.
of research funds for specific universities, without merit competition, establishes a precedent that could jeopardize' the preeminence of U.S.